List of participants at the Second Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops

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In addition to Pope John Paul II, who served as president of the Second Extraordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops in 1985, there were multiple other classes of participants. Archbishop Jan Pieter Schotte, CICM, served as Secretary General, Cardinal Godfried Danneels was the Relator General, and the Rev. Walter Kasper was the Special Secretary. The delegate presidents were cardinals John Krol, Joseph Malula, and Johannes Willebrands.[1] Overall, there were 165 cardinals, archbishops, and bishops[2][3] and ten observer-delegates.[4] No women were invited to participate.[5]

Eastern Catholic Churches

Template:Expand list The Eastern Catholic Churches were represented by:

See Church Country
Patriarch Nerses Bedros XIX Tarmouni Cilicia Armenian Catholic Church Template:Flag
Archbishop Metodi Dimitrov Stratiev, AA Sofia Bulgarian Greek Catholic Church Template:Flag
Archeparch Youhannan Semaan Issayi Tehran Chaldean Catholic Church Template:Flag
Eparch Andraos Ghattas, CM[6] Luxor Coptic Catholic Church Template:Flag
Cardinal Paulos Tzadua[7] Addis Ababa Ethiopian Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Melkite Greek Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Romanian Greek Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Ruthenian Greek Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Slovak Greek Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Syriac Maronite Church Template:Flag
? Syriac Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Syro-Malabar Catholic Church Template:Flag
? Syro-Malankara Catholic Church Template:Flag
Cardinal Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky[7] Lviv Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church Template:Flag

Representatives of episcopal conferences

Template:MoreThe following bishops were presidents or representatives of episcopal conferences.[6] Unlike in ordinary general assemblies of the Synod of Bishops, where episcopal conferences can elect a bishop to represent them, in extraordinary general assemblies, the representative is almost always the episcopal conference's president.[5][8]


Name See Episcopal conference Country
Bishop Henri Teissier Algiers Regional Episcopal Conference of North Africa Template:Flag
Archbishop Manuel Franklin da Costa Lubango Episcopal Conference of Angola and São Tomé Template:Flag
Archbishop Christophe Adimou Cotonou Episcopal Conference of Benin Template:Flag
Archbishop Anselme Titianma Sanon Bobo-Dioulasso Conference of Bishops of Burkina Faso and of Niger Template:Flag
Archbishop Joachim Ruhuna Gitega Conference of Catholic Bishops of Burundi Template:Flag
Cardinal Christian Tumi Garoua National Episcopal Conference of Cameroon Template:Flag
Archbishop Joachim N'Dayen Bangui Central African Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Charles Louis Joseph Vandame N'Djaména Episcopal Conference of Chad Template:Flag
Bishop Georges-Firmin Singha Owando Episcopal Conference of the Congo Template:Flag
Archbishop Rafael María Nze Abuy Malabo Episcopal Conference of Equatorial Guinea Template:Flag
Cardinal Paulos Tzadua[7] Addis Ababa Assembly of Catholic Hierarchs of Ethiopia Template:Flag
Bishop Félicien-Patrice Makouaka Franceville Episcopal Conference of Gabon Template:Flag
Archbishop Peter Poreku Dery Tamale Ghana Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Robert Sarah Conakry Episcopal Conference of Guinea Template:Flag
Cardinal Bernard Yago Abidjan Episcopal Conference of the Côte d'Ivoire Template:Flag
Bishop Raphael Ndingi Mwana'a Nzeki Nakuru Kenyan Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Sebastian Koto Khoarai Mohale's Hoek Lesotho Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Michael Kpakala Francis Monrovia Inter-territorial Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Gambia, Liberia, and Sierra Leone Template:Flag
Cardinal Victor Razafimahatratra Antananarivo Episcopal Conference of Madagascar Template:Flag
Archbishop James Chiona Blantyre Episcopal Conference of Malawi Template:Flag
Archbishop Luc Sangaré Auguste Bamako Episcopal Conference of Mali Template:Flag
Archbishop Jaime Pedro Gonçalves Beira Episcopal Conference of Mozambique Template:Flag
Bishop Gabriel Gonsum Ganaka Jos Catholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria Template:Flag
Bishop Joseph Ruzindana Byumba Conference of Catholic Bishops of Rwanda Template:Flag
Cardinal Hyacinthe Thiandoum Dakar Conference of Bishops of Senegal, Mauritania, Cape Verde, and Guinea Bissau Template:Flag
Archbishop Denis Hurley Durban Southern African Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Gabriel Zubeir Wako Khartoum Sudan Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Anthony Mayala Musoma Tanzania Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Robert-Casimir Dosseh-Anyron[6] Lomé Episcopal Conference of Togo Template:Flag
Bishop Barnabas Halem 'Imana Kabale Uganda Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya Kisangani Episcopal Conference of Zaire Template:Flag
Bishop Spaita James Mansa Zambia Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Wunganayi Chiginya Tobias Gweru Zimbabwe Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag

The Americas

Name See Episcopal conference Country
Cardinal Juan Carlos Aramburu Buenos Aires Argentine Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Julio Terrazas Sandoval Oruro Bolivian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Ivo Lorscheiter Santa Maria National Conference of Bishops of Brazil Template:Flag
Bishop Bernard Hubert Saint-Jean-Longueuil Canadian Conference of Catholic Bishops Template:Flag
Archbishop Bernardino Piñera La Serena Episcopal Conference of Chile Template:Flag
Archbishop Héctor Rueda Hernández Bucaramanga Episcopal Conference of Colombia Template:Flag
Bishop Darío Castrillón Hoyos[6] Pereira Latin American Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Román Arrieta Villalobos San José de Costa Rica Episcopal Conference of Costa Rica Template:Flag
Bishop Adolfo Rodríguez Herrera Camagüey Conference of Catholic Bishops of Cuba Template:Flag
Archbishop Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez Santo Domingo Conference of the Dominican Episcopate Template:Flag
Archbishop Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz, OFM Guayaquil Ecuadorian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Marco René Revelo Contreros Santa Ana Episcopal Conference of El Salvador Template:Flag
Archbishop Próspero Penados del Barrio Guatemala Episcopal Conference of Guatemala Template:Flag
Bishop François Gayot, SMM Cap-Haïtien Episcopal Conference of Haiti Template:Flag
Archbishop Héctor Enrique Santos Hernández Tegucigalpa Episcopal Conference of Honduras Template:Flag
Archbishop Samuel Emmanuel Carter[6] Kingston in Jamaica Antilles Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Sergio Obeso Rivera Xalapa Mexican Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Miguel Obando y Bravo[7] Managua Episcopal Conference of Nicaragua Template:Flag
Archbishop Marcos Gregorio McGrath, CSC Panamá Episcopal Conference of Panama Template:Flag
Archbishop Ismael Blas Rolón Silvero, SDB Asunción Paraguayan Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Juan Landázuri Ricketts, OFM Lima Peruvian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Juan Fremiot Torres Oliver Ponce Puerto Rican Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop James William Malone[3][9] Youngstown United States Conference of Catholic Bishops Template:Flag
Archbishop José Gottardi Cristelli, SDB Montevideo Episcopal Conference of Uruguay Template:Flag
Cardinal José Lebrún Moratinos Caracas Venezuelan Episcopal Conference Template:Flag


Template:Expand list

Name See Episcopal conference Country
Archbishop Michael Rozario Dhaka Catholic Bishops' Conference of Bangladesh Template:Flag
Archbishop Simon Pimenta Bombay Conference of Catholic Bishops of India Template:Flag
Bishop Francis Xavier Sudartanta Hadisumarta, OCarm Manokwari–Sorong Bishops' Conference of Indonesia Template:Flag
Archeparch Youhannan Semaan Issayi Tehran Iranian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
? Assembly of Catholic Ordinaries of the Holy Land Template:Flag
Archbishop Peter Shirayanagi Tokyo Catholic Bishops' Conference of Japan Template:Flag
? Episcopal Conference of Laos and Cambodia Template:FlagTemplate:Flag
Bishop Paul Zinghtung Grawng Mandalay Catholic Bishops' Conference of Myanmar Template:Flag
Cardinal Joseph Cordeiro[6] Karachi Catholic Bishops' Conference of Pakistan Template:Flag
Cardinal Ricardo Vidal[7] Cebu Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines Template:Flag
Archbishop Gregory Yong Singapore Catholic Bishops' Conference of Malaysia, Singapore and Brunei Template:Flag
Cardinal Stephen Kim Sou-hwan Seoul Catholic Bishops' Conference of Korea Template:Flag
Bishop Frank Marcus Fernando Chilaw Catholic Bishops' Conference of Sri Lanka Template:Flag
Archbishop Stanislaus Lo Kuang Tapei Chinese Regional Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Louis Chamniern Santisukniram Thare and Nonseng Catholic Bishops' Conference of Thailand Template:Flag
Bishop Gauthier Pierre Georges Antoine Dubois, OFMCap Constantinople Episcopal Conference of Turkey Template:Flag
Cardinal Joseph-Marie Trịnh Như Khuê Hanoi Catholic Bishops' Conference of Vietnam Template:Flag


Template:Expand list

Name See Episcopal conference Country
Archbishop Karl Berg Salzburg Austrian Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Godfried Danneels[1] Mechelen-Brussels Episcopal Conference of Belgium Template:Flag
Archbishop Metodi Dimitrov Stratiev, AA Sofia Episcopal Conference of Bulgaria Template:Flag
? Czechoslovak Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Jean-Félix-Albert-Marie Vilnet Lille Bishops' Conference of France Template:Flag
Cardinal Joachim Meisner Berlin Berlin Conference of Bishops Template:Flag
Cardinal Joseph Höffner Cologne German Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Antonios Varthalitis, AA Corfu, Zakynthos, and Cephalonia Holy Synod of Catholic Bishops of Greece Template:Flag
Cardinal László Lékai Esztergom Catholic Bishops' Conference of Hungary Template:Flag
Cardinal Tomás Ó Fiaich Armagh Irish Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Ugo Poletti Cardinal Vicar of Rome Italian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Archbishop Joseph Mercieca Malta Maltese Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis[7] Utrecht Bishops' Conference of the Netherlands Template:Flag
Bishop John Willem Gran Oslo Scandinavian Bishops Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Józef Glemp Warsaw Polish Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Manuel d'Almeida Trindade Aveiro Portuguese Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
? Romanian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Thomas Winning Glasgow Bishops' Conference of Scotland Template:Flag
Archbishop Gabio Díaz Merchán Oviedo Spanish Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Henri Schwery Sion Swiss Bishops Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky[7] Lviv Ukrainian Episcopal Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Basil Hume[2] Westminster Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales Template:Flag


Name See Episcopal conference Country
Archbishop Francis Roberts Rush Brisbane Australian Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Cardinal Thomas Williams Wellington New Zealand Catholic Bishops' Conference Template:Flag
Bishop Gregory Singkai Bougainville Catholic Bishops' Conference of Papua New Guinea and Solomon Islands Template:Flag
Archbishop Petero Mataca Suva Episcopal Conference of the Pacific Template:Flag

Heads of the Dicasteries of the Roman Curia

The following heads of the Dicasteries of the Roman Curia attended:[7]

Name Office Country
Cardinal Agostino Casaroli Cardinal Secretary of State Template:Flag
Cardinal Bernardin Gantin Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Bishops Template:Flag
Cardinal William Wakefield Baum Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Catholic Institutions Template:Flag
Cardinal Pietro Palazzini Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Causes of Saints Template:Flag
Cardinal Silvio Oddi Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Clergy Template:Flag
Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer[7] Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Divine Worship Template:Flag
Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger[6] Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith Template:Flag
Cardinal Jozef Tomko Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples Template:Flag
Cardinal Jean Jérôme Hamer, OP Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for Religious and Secular Institutes Template:Flag
Cardinal Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy Prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches Template:Flag
Cardinal Paul Augustin Mayer[7] Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Sacraments Template:Flag
Cardinal Luigi Dadaglio Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary Template:Flag
Cardinal Aurelio Sabattani Prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura Template:Flag
Cardinal Gabriel-Marie Garrone[6] President of the Pontifical Council for Culture Template:Flag
Cardinal Roger Etchegaray President of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum Template:Flag
Archbishop Édouard Gagnon, PSS President of the Pontifical Council for the Family Template:Flag
Cardinal Roger Etchegaray President of the Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace Template:Flag
Cardinal Eduardo Francisco Pironio President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity Template:Flag
Cardinal Rosalio José Castillo Lara, SDB President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Decrees of the Second Vatican Council Template:Flag
Archbishop Fiorenzo Angelini President of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Assistance of Health Care Workers Template:Flag
Archbishop John Patrick Foley President of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications Template:Flag
Cardinal Paul Poupard President of the Secretariat for Non-Believers Template:Flag
Cardinal Francis Arinze President of the Secretariat for Non-Christians Template:Flag
Cardinal Johannes Willebrands President of the Secretariat for Promoting Christian Unity Template:Flag
Cardinal Agnelo Rossi President of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See Template:Flag
Cardinal Giuseppe Caprio President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See Template:Flag

Members of the Ordinary Council

Template:Empty section

Papal invitees

Template:Expand list There were additional members invited by Pope John Paul II:[6]

Name Office Country
Rev. Hans Urs von Balthasar[6] Theologian Template:Flag
Cardinal Joseph Bernardin[3] Archbishop of Chicago Template:Flag
Cardinal John Francis Dearden[2] Archbishop emeritus of Detroit Template:Flag
Archbishop Maxim Hermaniuk[10] Archbishop of Winnipeg Template:Flag
Cardinal Franz König[6][11] Archbishop emeritus of Vienna Template:Flag
Cardinal John Krol Archbishop of Philadelphia Template:Flag
Cardinal Bernard Francis Law[2][7] Archbishop of Boston Template:Flag
Cardinal Aloísio Lorscheider[2][6] Archbishop of Fortaleza Template:Flag
Cardinal Henri de Lubac, SJ[6] Theologian Template:Flag
Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger[6] Archbishop of Paris Template:Flag
Cardinal Friedrich Wetter[7] Archbishop of Munich and Freising Template:Flag
Cardinal Eugênio Sales Archbishop of Rio de Janeiro Template:Flag
Cardinal Ángel Suquía Goicoechea[7] Archbishop of Madrid Template:Flag

Fraternal delegates

The following delegates represented non-Catholic organizations:[4]

Name Profession Religion Country
Rev. Andreas Aarflot Bishop of Oslo

Representative of the Lutheran World Federation

Lutheranism (Church of Norway) Template:Flag
Bishop William Ragsdale Cannon Bishop emeritus of the Raleigh Area

Representative of the World Methodist Council

Methodism (United Methodist Church) Template:Flag
Rev. Henry Chadwick Professor emeritus of Divinity, University of Cambridge Anglican Communion (Church of England) Template:Flag
Archbishop Stylianos Harkianakis Archbishop of Australia Eastern Orthodox (Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople) Template:Flag
Bishop Anba Paula General Bishop Oriental Orthodox (Coptic Orthodox Church of Alexandria) Template:Flag
Rev. Lewis Mudge Dean of McCormick Theological Seminary

Representative of the World Reformed Alliance

Calvinism (Presbyterian Church (USA)) Template:Flag
Rev. David M. Thompson Professor, University of Cambridge Calvinism (Disciples of Christ) Template:Flag
Rev. David S. Russell General Secretary emeritus of the Baptists Union of Great Britain

Representative of the Baptist World Alliance

Baptist Template:Flag
Rev. Justus T. du Plessis Pentecostal pastor Pentecostalism Template:Flag
Rev. Jacques Maury (fr) President of the Protestant Federation of France

World Council of Churches

Calvinism (Reformed Church of France) Template:Flag


  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Dionne Jr., E. J. (1985-11-24). "The Pope's Guardian of Orthodoxy" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Briggs, Kenneth A. Briggs (1985-11-25). "John Paul Opens Synod of Bishops" (in en-US). The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Thomas, Washington Christopher (2015-04-24) (in en). The participation of non-Catholic Christian observers guest and fraternal delegates at the Second Vatican Council and Synods of Bishops a theological analysis. Gregorian Biblical BookShop. pp. 158. ISBN 9788878393097. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 McCarthy, Timothy G. (2012-04-16) (in en). The Catholic Tradition, Second Edition: The Church in the Twentieth Century. Wipf and Stock Publishers. pp. 95. ISBN 9781620322352. 
  6. 6.00 6.01 6.02 6.03 6.04 6.05 6.06 6.07 6.08 6.09 6.10 6.11 6.12 6.13 "An Extraordinary Synod" (in en-US). Crisis Magazine. 1986-01-01. 
  7. 7.00 7.01 7.02 7.03 7.04 7.05 7.06 7.07 7.08 7.09 7.10 7.11 7.12 Miranda, Salvador. "The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church - May 25, 1985". 
  8. Okuma, Peter Chidi (2009) (in en). Empowerment of the Catholic Laity in the Nigerian Political Situation: An Hermeneutical Reading of Apostolicam Actuositatem (the Decree on the Apostolate of the Laity) of Vatican II and Its Application to Concrete Situations. Peter Lang. pp. 164. ISBN 9783631581827. 
  9. Dionne Jr., E. J. (1985-12-05). "U.S. Woman Protests With 'Mass,' in St. Peter's". The New York Times. 
  10. Higgins, Michael W.; Letson, Douglas R. (1987). "Canadian Participation in Episcopal Synods, 1967-1985". Historical Studies 54: 145-157. 
  11. País, Ediciones El (1985-11-14). "Revuelo en Roma por un libro sobre el cardenal Koenig" (in es). EL PAÍS.