Media Allegations, Criminal Charges, and Conviction of Jung Myung Seok

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File:False-reports-1999-and-apology-letter-from-accuser.jpg
Biased reports on Jung Myung Seok in 1999 and apology letter from accuser

In 1999, a South Korean media company, the Seoul Broadcasting Station (SBS), made sexual allegations against Jung Myung Seok, President of Christian Gospel Mission (CGM). He was accused of ‘fleeing’ the country because of these allegations.[1][2] Following SBS, media from Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Japan also made other similar allegations against Jung. However, in 2010, in a lawsuit between the SBS and the Christian Gospel Mission (CGM), the South Korean Court ruled that the 1999 media report was biased and CGM was compensated for the damages.[3] Additionally, in 2015, it was also reported that Jung did not ‘flee’, but travelled overseas lawfully for missionary work, because at the time, the sexual assault charges were dismissed by the prosecutors involved. Jung even returned to Korea several times during his travels and was investigated by the prosecutors about his travels.[4][5]

In 2001, formal charges were made against Jung.[6] In 2006, additional accusations were made against Jung for alleged sexual assault in China. The Chinese authorities investigated and found that there was no evidence to support criminality.[7] In 2007, Chinese police arrested Jung, after he had been on interpol’s wanted list.[8]

In 2008, Jung was extradited back to South Korea where he faced five charges of sexual assault and molestation from 5 different women.[9] During the trial, one of the female accusers confessed to falsely accusing Jung of alleged crimes, and dropped her charges with prosecutors.[10] The judge found Jung to be guilty on three out of five charges and sentenced him to 6 years imprisonment in August 2008.[11][12][13] Jung maintained innocence appealed the original decision to the high court.[14] However, the court upheld the sentence, and added an additional count (making it four out of five charges) against Jung, thus increasing the sentence to 10 years.[15][16] After Jung was sentenced, investigative news reports emerged claiming that the judgment against Jung was unjust and without proper evidence.[17][18][19]

In 2012, ‘anti-JMS’ groups brought new charges against Jung, while he was imprisoned. Those charges were completed dismissed by the Korean court.[20]

In 2013, allegations were made about Jung receiving preferential treatment in prison. Those allegations were also dismissed by the Justice Minister.[21]

Sexual Assault Allegations in the Media (1999 – 2007)

It has been claimed that while both Unification Church and Christian Gospel Mission(CGM)teach that Original sin was caused by Eve intercourse with the fallen angel turned Satan, Providence teaches this can be redeemed by having sex with Jung Myung-seok.Template:SfnpTemplate:SfnpTemplate:Refn The reports stated that the Korean court had deemed that Jung had forced female followers to have sex with him "as a religious behavior meant to save their souls".Template:Efn[22] Former members have stated or testified that young and attractive women were presented to Jung as "sexual gifts", with whom he forcibly engaged in sexual act, which was explained to them as a purification rite.Template:Efn[8][23] Apart from allegations, there has been no evidence found in Jung’s sermons and teachings that claim that salvation can be redeemed through sexual union with him. Jung’s sermons teach that people should be chaste until marriage, and make loving God as their first priority.[19]

The media fuelled public attention surrounding sexual assault allegations began from a news story broadcast by the TV news program, The Unanswered, (ko), on the channel Seoul Broadcasting System (SBS) on March 20, 1999.[1][2] Over 100 alleged victims were contacted for information in the making of this series.Template:Refn International Christian Mission (as CGM was known then) countered with lawsuits to suppress the broadcast, libel litigation, and an organized two-month barrage of phone calls, as many as 60,000 calls per day.[24][25][26]

News reports described that Jung ‘fled’ South Korea a day after these broadcasts. Sexual allegations continued to surface against Jung overseas, in Hong Kong, China, Taiwan, Japan, and other locations. The news show The Unanswered (Korean: 그것이 알고 싶다, literally: "I Want to Know it") followed with additional episodes covering Jung's activities abroad.Template:EfnTemplate:Refn[25][27] Subsequently, Yonhap News clarified that Jung did not ‘flee’ but was able to travel overseas lawfully, because the sexual assault charges were dismissed by the prosecutors involved. Jung even returned to Korea several times during his travels and was investigated by the prosecutors about his travels.[4]

In Japan, there were 2,000 CGM members as of 2006, almost entirely students and graduates of prestigious colleges, and 60% women. News reports alleged that during his sojourns in Japan, Jung summoned upwards of 10 women on an almost daily basis, and under the false pretext of running a "health check" would have improper sexual encounters with them.Template:Efn Jung's aides are alleged to have imposed strict secrecy of these encounters with Jung, threatening the women with condemnation to hell if they told anyone what he had done.[28][29] It was reported that over 100 women have fallen victim of Jung's sexual transgressions in Japan alone.[2]

In Taiwan too, similar incidents have been reported, where many female members of his organization were ordered to undress for a "health check", be subjected various forms of sexual abuse, including having sex with him to wipe off their sins.[30] In November 2001 the Taiwanese version of Next Magazine published the article "Korean cult leader raped over one hundred Taiwanese female college students". Allegedly involved National Taiwan University, Fu Jen Catholic University, and National Chengchi University all denied the report. The universities stated that there were no cult activities in their campuses at the time. NCCU acknowledged that there had been such activities many years ago. There had been similar reports in 1997.[31][32] Taiwanese authorities investigated Jung for raping women, but he 'fled' the country.[33][34] Members of EXODUS(an anti-JMS organization founded in 1999[1]) soon came to Taiwan and held a press conference with an involved woman.[35] In October 2005 Apple Daily reported that many student clubs in National Central University and other campuses are recruiting for Providence Church. These clubs hold a wide variety of activities including the "Eagle Cup" soccer tournament in Taipei city and regular model training. The paper quoted an undisclosed former church member, that the church's "modeling department" is in fact a channel of recruiting sexual partners for Jung. The paper obtained three audio recordings of dialogs of some female members, which say that Jung have had sex with ten female members by mutual consent, most of them college students from the modeling department.[36]

In 2007, South Korea’s SBS reported how female members of CGM had been flown to and held against their will at Jung's hideout in Anshan in the Chinese province Liaoning on the border to Korea. One 28-year-old Korean who in April 2005 managed to escape, had alleged that she had been sexually violated multiple times by Jung.Template:Efn[37][38]

Evidence of Media Bias

Media Controversies

In 2010, media reported that the public had called for the re‐examination of the sexual harassment case against Jung Myung Seok, because of the concern that the truth was buried by the press's one-sided stoning.[17][18][5]

Also in 2012, a reporter highlighted that the media-publicized accusations against Jung have 3 common features: 1) unconfirmed stories are published in print or online to fuel public opinions; 2) continuous accusations made against Jung without credible evidence; and 3) the presence of anti-JMS organizations inciting former members to make accusations, while at the same time, demanding money from CGM.[39]

Lawsuit against SBS

After SBS reported about sexual harassment by Jung and his problematic activities after 'fleeing' to Hong Kong, the CGM came under scrutiny. Other media companies and their current affairs programs took the story broadcast by SBS as a fact, and the media regurgitated it, without making any enquiries with the CGM.[40][41]

The CGM sued SBS for the news story broadcast in 1999. During the litigation, it was made known that footages aired by the SBS were distortions of original source footages. The footages shown by the SBS were edited, for the purpose of depicting Jung as a leader with sexual issues. The SBS broadcast a portion of Jung’s message in 1995, titled ‘A life of thanksgiving’. In the broadcasted portion, Jung's video where he said ‘give a tithe of lives, by evangelizing one person out of ten’ was distorted to make it not clearly understood. The SBS then put its own subtitles of the words ‘one woman’ instead of ‘one person’ to create an impression that Jung had sexual issues. Additionally, the SBS edited the video to make it seem like there were only women when there were also men at the service and other events. This created the impression of Jung as a religious sect leader who interacted solely with women.[42][43][44]

In 2005, the Korean court found that SBS’s reporting was biased and distorted, because it relied primarily on the EXODUS leader ‘Mr Kim’ as its source.[45][46] The main outcomes of the 2005 litigation were that the 1999 reports should not have been broadcasted on TV, and that CGM must be informed 48hrs prior, with at least 5% of the broadcast be allocated to CGM to make their statements. If the terms were violated, a 30 million won compensation will be made.Template:Efn[47][48] However, the public did not know about this ruling, and Jung had already been branded a criminal by the public. Subsequently, conflicts took place among CGM members because of the media allegations and negative public perception.[49]

On September 9, 2010, the dispute between the CGM and SBS over the 1999 news allegations concluded, with the Supreme court ruling in favor of the CGM and awarding the CGM 90 million in compensation for damages. Template:Efn[45][46] Despite these outcomes, Exodus continued to spread negative reports about JMS. Exodus was made to close its website on June 29, 2005. However, Exodus simply changed its website to another domain and continued to operate the site.[45]

Criminal Charges (2001 – 2007)

Jung was not officially charged until 2001.[6]

In 2001, Jung was investigated by Taiwanese authorities on charges of sexual assault, but he left the country.[33] At the end of the trial in 2002, a male witness who had testified that there was no sexual exploitation from 1993-4 was found guilty of perjury, and received a 1-year prison sentence.Template:Sfnp Jung, having been wanted by Interpol since 2002,[8] was arrested in Hong Kong in July 2003 for overstaying his visa, but was released three days later on a HK$10,000,000 (US$1,3 million as of July 2003) bail. When Hong Kong authorities approved extradition to Korea, Jung 'fled' the extradition hearing.[50][37][51][52]

In 2003, a South Korean woman and a Japanese woman filed a criminal suit against Jung for raping them.[53]

In 2004, an Interpol Red Notice was issued on Jung.[54]

On 7 April 2006, in South Korea, two women who returned from China filed lawsuits against Jung for sexual assault. Subsequently, the anti-JMS group EXODUS held a press conference on April 2006, in which four unidentified women (including the two women who filed the lawsuits) wearing bucket hats and surgical masks covering their faces, accused Jung of organised sex crimes against themselves and other women, who required medical treatment.[55]

CGM’s Response to Charges

In response to all charges of sexual misconduct, the CGM members have stated that Jung denied all of those charges. Furthermore, Bae Jae-yong, CGM’s Publicity Director, emphasized that the allegations were "distorted rumor(s) that was created by the people who have slandered [Jung]" and that "all fundamental truth will be clarified by [Jung] at the prosecutor's office".[56][57]

Controversy over the 2006 Press Conference

In 2010, news media reported that the April 2006 press conference was led by Mr Kim, the same leader of Exodus who was involved in the 1999 broadcast by SBS.[58] The press conference involved four women claiming to be victims, bringing the media spotlight back on Jung. Mr Kim said that he was justly helping reporters who sought his opinions. However, an in-depth investigation into the case revealed that Mr Kim made demands of 2 billion won from CGM before the press conference, promising not to continue with the conference if this sum was paid. Other reporters decided not to trust Mr Kim after they heard about the payment demand.[59][60]

Evidence contradicting sexual assault claims

Mr Kim had publicly announced in a press conference that the women had been wounded seriously because of the sexual assault that they would not walk. However, the court revealed evidence that the two alleged victims could walk with ease with no issues, through closed‐circuit television (CCTV) footage, going against Mr Kim's announcement.[7][61] The defence and prosecution debated this case debated this case and featured various types of evidences in court. Chinese medical records showed that the females had no injuries or any signs of sexual assault.[62][61]

Additionally, the National Institute of Scientific Investigation reported ‘negative response from a semen test’.[61] A couple of days later, Ms Kim asked for another check up at the police hospital. She was then found with a cut of 0.5mm, which had differed from the last issue. The hospital said that this was a minor injury that may have been caused due to riding a bicycle. Because of the deviation between both diagnosis, the lawyer suggested that it may have been a self-inflicted injury. [62] Moreover, Ms Kim had provided a picture of her abdomen, claiming that her vagina was forced with water, causing the swell. However, the lawyer argued that this was a fabricated photo.[62]

Arrest, Extradition, and Conviction of Jung Myung Seok (2007-2008)

After the 18 April 2006 conference, the media reported about Jung being guilty of sexual assault in China and bringing international shame to Korea.[63] Thereafter, in July 2006, the South Korean authorities put Jung on an international wanted list on rape charges,[64] and after learning that Jung was in China, the South Korean government officially asked China in November 2006 to extradite him.[33]

After about 8 years ‘on the run’,[65] the Chinese Ministry of Public Security announced that Jung had been arrested in Beijing by Chinese police on May 1, 2007.[50][66][67] Although the medical examinations on the ‘assault victims’ in the 2006 allegations gave a medical finding of no assault, the outcome of the Chinese investigation made way for Korea to extradite Jung. Accusations about Jung were made while he was abroad from Korea, thus his prosecution was pending. As a result, the Korea’s Department of Justice requested his extradition and China accepted the request.[68] The Template:Interlanguage link multi ruled in September 2007 to extradite Jung, a decision upheld by the Supreme People's Court.[69][70] He was extradited back to South Korea to stand charges on February 20, 2008.[57][71]

Jung was also charged with fraud and embezzlement of church funds.[72] In the criminal case heard by the Template:Interlanguage link multi, former members told the court that Jung was provided with female members of his sect as "gifts", and he would then have sex them on a religious pretext.[23] Reportedly, Jung would be shown photographs of female members of his church, and once he chooses his "sexual gift", she would be conveyed to his place of stay outside Korea.[8]

In January 2008, the Supreme Court of South Korea awarded a South Korean woman and a Japanese woman Template:SK won (US$52000 Template:As of) and Template:SK won (US$10400) in damages for rape. The court said Jung forced the followers to have sex with him, saying that it is a religious behavior meant to save their souls.[73][74] Providence followers started riots outside of newspapers that reported the court's verdict, broke into the Seoul office of the leading newspaper The Dong-a Ilbo trashing office furniture, and demanded the removal of articles critical of Jung.[75][76][77]

In August 2008, Jung was convicted for raping female followers and sentenced by the Seoul Central District court to six years imprisonment.[11][12][13][14]

On February 10, 2009, the Template:Interlanguage link multi added four years to the district court's sentence of six years, overturning one of the lower court's acquittals and finding Jung guilty on a total of four counts of rape.[78][79] Jung appealed his 10 years imprisonment sentence to the Supreme Court of South Korea, but the sentence was upheld in April 2009.[15][16] One of the allegedly sexually assaulted women subsequently filed a civil lawsuit against Jung. In its verdict in November 2009 Template:Interlanguage link multi ruled that "the plaintiff's right to bodily integrity was violated and she suffered psychological pain as a result of the sexual violence of defendant... The defendant is obligated to compensated plaintiff for her pain." and that Jung should pay Template:SK won in compensation.[80][81]

Issues Concerning Bias and Evidence in the Trial

File:Court Letters on Kim's fraud charges.jpg
Court Letters on Kim's fraud charges

In response to the fraud and embezzlement charges, Bae Jae-yong, CGM’s publicity director stated that "Jung has never been directly involved with the [Church] finances as he manages the congregation, so his embezzlement charge is just a groundless rumor.”[56] On the other hand, the Damage Control Group (DCG)'s representative (who made accusations against Jung) Mr Kim, was sentenced to 18 months' imprisonment and a three year probation because of fraud.[82]

As for Jung’s conviction, it has been criticized by investigative reporters for ambiguous evidence and witnesses. The 10-year prison sentence was considered by some to be severe, and the court has been called on to reflect whether the presiding judge may have been clouded by public opinion and a lack of understanding about religious matters.[83][84] It was reported that Christian groups had influenced the trial, having already deemed Jung to be a cult leader, and by public opinion already branded Jung a criminal prior to the trial. A CGM spokesperson highlighted "It was the Christian Council of Korea that petitioned the court for a guilty outcome in Jung's trial. Moreover, the major opposers of [CGM] are aligned with the Christian groups, giving rise to a conflict of interest."[85]

Confession of False Testimony

Ms Jang was one of the five accusers who pressed charges against Jung. She said that she had been sexually assaulted and made these accusations in court. However, she later withdrew the lawsuit, admitting that what she said was false. Despite the judge warning her that she will be penalized for perjury, she replied that she was willing to be punished because she had lied. She also said that the other woman, Ms Kim, had also made false accusations on Jung because of pressures from Exodus. Due to this, Ms Jan was charged with perjury from Mr Kim from Exodus.[86][87]

Extortions for money

Reports stated that given the testimonies in the courtroom revealed to a great degree that the informer was demanding settlement money, it was necessary for the court to examine and investigate whether or not the informer deliberately created the case while controlling the accusers and almost managing them behind the scene for the purpose of getting money.[88][89]

A news report also stated that Mr Kim was one of the bigger contributors to Jung’s 10 years sentencing. The reporter surmised that if Mr Kim had been given a settlement of 2 billion won, Jung would possibly have not needed to go to court and receive the 10 years imprisonment.[90] In February 2010, several media outlets publicized the video footages of anti-JMS leaders which exposed their demand of two billion won (1,800,000 USD) from CGM on November 17, 2005.[91] However, the CGM did not give any money to Mr Kim because Jung said that this issue should not be resolved with money, but must be proven by facts.[90] During Jung’s trial, one of the witnesses testified that after Jung was extradited to Korea, Kim reduced his demand to 140 million won instead because he needed that to pay the fine for fraud. Mr Kim had demanded this compensation for the harm to his father. Additionally, representatives from CGM should sign a guarantee that Mr Kim would be free from any legal actions. Only then would Mr Kim withdraw the allegations. He said that he had the power to make the decision to withdraw all allegations, even from others. He also said that he would apologize publicly to Jung and CGM and go on his own way without dealing with JMS again.[92]

Another report stated that opposition to CGM started from one individual, Mr Kim.[93] Mr Kim was arrested for blackmail, extortion and defamation on April 20, 2012 and was investigated by the Gwangju North Division Police.[91]

Letter Exchanges

The media published Mr Kim’s letter of self-reflection dated November 15, 1999, and his apology letters to Jung dated March 17, 2005 and July 21, 2005.[91] The letters were authenticated, handwritten by Mr Kim, stamped with his certified seal and contained his photograph. In the letter dated November 15, 1999, Mr Kim apologized for causing harm to and disgracing Jung through public scandal articles. In his 2005 letters, he apologized to Jung for his and Exodus's members misunderstanding and defaming of Jung.

Jung then replied on August 3, 2005, saying that he was glad to receive the letters, and that the fighting had caused great worry and pain to him. Jung ended off saying he thought deeply about Mr Kim's actions because Mr Kim had told him that he was not a bad person, but still demanded money.[94][91][95]

Post-Conviction Media Allegations and Charges (2008- )

Allegations of Sexual Exploitation

File:Court Papers of 2012's dismissal of charges.jpg
Court Papers of 2012's dismissal of charges against Jung Myung Seok

From 2011, anti-JMS organizations such as ‘Anti-JMS’ had demand for compensation and accused Jung with charges like sexual assault, terrorism, and other issues. Due to many people appearing in the media, more publicity was generated which caused Jung to be investigated for about 10 different cases. Despite the lawsuits and charges, no evidence was found. However, various sensationalistic materials were made public, encouraging significant online speculation.[96] One major case took place in 2012, following the release of an alleged obscene internal video of CGM. Ex-Providence members used the video and alleged that some 500 to over 1,000 women members were still being groomed for future sexual exploitation by Jung. Known internally as the "Evergreens" (Hangul: 상록수; Hanja: 常緑樹; RR: sang-rok-su), these female members are reported to comprise a "reserve corps" for "sex bribes" (Hangul: 성상납; Hanja: 性上納; RR: seong sangnap), a term for sexual favors accorded to those exercising power.[97][98][99]}}[100][98]

The "Evergreens" are educated and handled by 10 women in Providence's leadership.Template:Efn Jo Gyeong-suk, former head of the group's Seoul branch and herself an alleged victim, stated salvation through sexual union with Jung was part of its canon.[99][101] According to Jo, "not a few of those women committed suicide. They become severely depressed and receive psychiatric treatment, suffer various illnesses and social phobias as a result of the stress, and are unable to marry."[99][101]

NewsnJoy, a South Korean Christian news company, had reported about the "Evergreens" as a group reserved for sexual exploitation. After publication, NewsnJoy published corrections on that report. It clarified that the so-called ‘evergreens’ were people who chose to serve the mission of spreading the gospel and becoming leaders of faith without getting married, like nuns and priests. One such person is a 60 year old male. There were a great number of male "Evergreens" , as well as female. Also, the term "Evergreens" is no longer used in Providence.[102]

A CGM spokesperson stated that through Jung’s sermons, people can discern that CGM emphatically values the morality of purity, and that it was only the seceders who claimed that they were educated with the doctrine of receiving salvation through having sexual relations with Jung.[102] Apart from allegations, there has been no evidence found in Jung’s sermons and teachings that claim that salvation can be redeemed through sexual union with him.[19]

The CGM spokesperson also stated, ‘problems arise when people confuse spiritual love with physical love. President Jung taught people that the path to salvation is to become united with God and Jesus in love. He is a person who exemplifies that kind of a life. Spiritually, both men and women are on the side of being brides before the Lord. However, this is clearly taught as mental love.[102]

The 2012 obscene video alleging to show internal activities by CGM members had cast negative impressions on CGM as a religious group. However, a news reporter investigated the video and identified the editing and piecing together of different footages to cause the misperception that all members were living lives that were inconsistent with their faith.[103] This video was released by Mr Kim, the leader of an anti-JMS group called the Damage Control Group (DCG). Prior to the release, Mr Kim demanded 2 million won from the CGM and threatened to publicize the obscene video. The CGM explained that the video was a re-crafting of two different videos from 2007; a festival event where Jung was wearing formal attire, and a second low-resolution video which had nothing to do with Jung.[103]

All the charges made against Jung in 2012 were dismissed in October 2012, due to a lack of evidence.[96]

Allegations of Preferential Treatment in Prison

From 2012 to 2013, additional allegations were made against Jung that he enjoyed preferential treatment in prison, and even while serving sentence in prison, he was supplied with photograph profiles of female members for him to make selections on which women would be inducted as "Evergreens".[98][104] In response, Minister Hyan Gyo-Ahn from the Ministry of Justice issued a statement in 2013 to clarify that these allegations were a misunderstanding, that there was no preferential treatment given to Jung and provided further explanatory material. Afterwards, news reports criticized the allegations as being irresponsible and groundless. These speculations spread to certain news outlets causing damage to the reputation and dignity of the CGM and its members.[105][106][107][108]

Media Allegations in Australia

On April 9, 2014, the Australian government-funded television network Special Broadcasting Service reported on their activities in Australia, including statements by former members that they sought young attractive women. Providence refused numerous requests for a spokesperson to be interviewed for the program in Australia and Korea. The organization's Chief of External Affairs denied in writing to answer specific questions about the group's Australian activities; however, he did disclose that it had charitable status for tax purposes.[109][110][111] In response to the SBS broadcast, CGM published an official video that denied the allegations, including statements by CGM Australian members who were featured in the SBS broadcast video without their consent. CGM stated that the broadcast was one-sided and had distorted the facts, damaging the reputation of CGM and its members.[112]

In May 2016, Australian magazine Crikey revealed that an Australian Taxation Office (ATO) employee had been whitewashing the Wikipedia article on Providence. Operating from a work computer since August 2015, the lawyer had removed negative press coverage from the article and inserted glowing praise of Jung, while casting doubt on Jung's prison conviction. The woman, at first denying, admitted the editing. The ATO's Fraud Prevention and Internal Investigations Unit declined to take any action.[113]

CGM stated that numerous CGM members in South Korea and other nations have been victimized, defamed and disadvantaged in society because media bias and distortion. CGM said that for more than 10 years, the families of members were torn apart. Members also lost their jobs, were kicked out of house, or were bullied at school.[114] The children of CGM members were also approached unethically by reporters during a CGM ski camp who forcefully interviewed them by intimidation, causing psychological hurt.[115]

Explanatory notes

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References

Citations
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Template:Harvnb: 民放各社が報じた女性信者と乱舞する鄭明析の映像も加えて。これは1999 年3 月20 日に韓国のテレビ局SBS が視聴率34.4% を記録した特集の映像クリップであり、2 回分2 時間にわたる摂理批判は被害の実態、摂理側の問題隠蔽工作等、余すことなく伝えている。韓国における摂理批判はこの後本格化し、摂理批判と元信者の相談にのるエクソダスも同年に設立されたのである。([My lectures] included the use of the video of Jung Myeong-suk frolicking with female members. This was a video clip from the program devoted [to the topic] aired by the South Korean TV station SBS with 34.4% rating. The two shows running 2 hours long critique of Providence reported comprehensively on the realities of victimization, and Providence's machinations to cover-up the issue. Criticism began full force after this against Providence in South Korea. The same year EXODUS was established, which criticizes Providence and provides counseling to ex-members)
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Tamaki, Nanako (玉木 奈々子) (2008), 宗教研究 (Shūkyō kenkyū) 81 (4): 1209–1210 
  3. Kim Hyun-gyu (4 April 2012). "Why is Christian Gospel Mission back in the spotlight?". Newsmaker. Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/201204_Newsmaker-_Why_is_the_CGM_back_in_the_spotlight.pdf. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "In litigation, the court found that the broadcasting company had based its report solely on the claims of the Exodus leader. The CGM sued the broadcasting company for damages. The case was taken to the Supreme Court, and on September 9, 2010, the court found in favor of the CGM. The CGM was awarded 90 million won in compensation." 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Correction report on Chairman Jung Myung Seok 정명석 총재 관련 보도에 대한 정정보도문" (in Korean). Yonhap News. 16 March 2015. Archived from the original on 13 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170113231630/http://ytn.co.kr/_ln/0103_201503161004314232. Retrieved 20 February 2017. "The broadcast in question occurred between May 22 and July 26, 2014. YTN published its retractions as follows: “Between May 22 and July 26, 2014, this news station broadcast as follows about President Jeong Myung Seok: “President Jung Myung Seok of JMS sexually assaulted female members and then fled to various foreign countries, but was eventually captured by the Chinese police when he was in China and repatriated to Korea,” “He stowed away,” and “He accepted sexual favors as bribes from female members.” However, after verifying the truth, it was confirmed that the sexual assault charges were dismissed by the prosecutors involved, and he was able to travel overseas lawfully. He returned to Korea several times during his travels and was investigated by the prosecutors about his travels. In these ways, the news broadcast about Jeong Myung Seok was different from the facts. Even the charge of him accepting sexual favors as bribes was also dropped. It is evident that the reportings on Jeong were not entirely based on fact. Hence, we made the appropriate corrections. Additionally, it was confirmed that the name JMS is not in fact the ministry’s official name. Hence, we correct it to the ministry’s actual official name, The Christian Gospel Mission.”" 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kim Chun-ho (12 Feb 2010). "News Daily "Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed, exposing the falsehood behind S Broadcasting’s professional accusations". News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011319/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=28759. Retrieved 20 February 2017. "그후 정 총재는 해외선교행을 떠났는데 S방송사는 JMS교단의 총재가 교인들을 성추행하고 홍콩으로 도주해 해외에서도 문제를 발생시킨다는 내용을 고발형식으로 내보냈다. After this, Chairman Jung left for overseas missionary work, and S media broadcaster broadcast the formal accusation containing the content that the organization’s chairman had fled overseas to Hong Kong to sexually harass members." 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Ask the Police". Korean National Police Agency. July 4, 2005. Archived from the original on September 1, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070901142356/http://www.npa.go.kr/eng/visitor/visitorView.jsp?seq=406. Retrieved February 27, 2008. "Jung Myoung Seok has been wanted on the charge of rape since 30 June 2001." 
  7. 7.0 7.1 "JMS (Christian Gospel Mission) Chairman Jung Myung Seok, JMS(기독교복음선교회) 정명석 총재는" (in Korean). Minjung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 13 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170113232846/http://www.mjnews.co.kr/bbs/zboard.php?id=mj02&page=5&sn1=&divpage=1&sn=off&ss=on&sc=on&select_arrange=headnum&desc=asc&no=185. Retrieved 20 February 2017. "2006년 4월 4일, 사건의 피해자라 주장하는 장모양과 김모양이 중국공안의 보호하에 병원에서 진료를 받았고 조사결과, 별다른 이상과 성폭행의 흔적을 찾아 볼 수 없었으며 특히 장모양의 경우는 생리중이어서 조사결과를 하나의 해프닝으로 마무리 지은 사건이라고 했다. 그러나 꼭 이 사건으로 인해 정 총재가 한국으로 신병인도가 된 것처럼 보이나 한국에서의 고소한 사건에 정 총재가 출두하지 않아 기소 중지 된 상태에서 또 다른 해외사건 발단으로 법무부가 신병인도를 요청해 중국이 받아들인 것이다. 이 사건에 대해 한국 경찰병원에서도 4월 8일 피해자들의 피해상황을 확인하기 위해 진단을 했지만 성폭행의 흔적을 찾아 볼 수 없었고, 처녀막 또한 상하지 않았다는 소견을 냈다. On April 4, 2006, Ms Jang and Ms Kim, the alleged victims, undertook a medical examination in a hospital, while under Chinese police protection. The examination resulted in a finding of no traces of sexual assault. In particular, for Ms Jang, the alleged incident had occurred during her menstruation. Hence, the case amounted to nothing. However, it may have seemed that this case had led to Korea’s extradition of President Jung Myeong Seok. Accusations were made against President Jung while he was abroad. As he was not in Korea, his prosecution was in pending status. Hence, Korea’s Department of Justice requested his extradition from China, and China accepted that request. However, it may have seemed that this case had led to Korea’s extradition of President Jung Myeong Seok. Accusations were made against President Jung while he was abroad. As he was not in Korea, his prosecution was in pending status. Hence, Korea’s Department of Justice requested his extradition from China, and China accepted that request. The Korean police hospital also undertook a medical examination of Ms Jang and Ms Kim on April 8, to detect any injury on the alleged victims’ bodies. Again, they could not find any trace of sexual assault. In fact, their hymens were intact." 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 Kang, Shin-who (May 13, 2007). "Suspect of Cult Founder Arrested in China". The Korea Times. Archived from the original on September 13, 2007. https://web.archive.org/web/20070913080827/http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2007/05/117_2823.html. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  9. Kim, Ah-yeon. "All cases related to Chairman Jung Myung Seok dismissed without charge". All cases related to Chairman Jung Myung Seok dismissed without charge. pp. 242–247. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Jeong-Gyeong-newsarticle.pdf/. "On February 5th, 2008, five women charged Jung with sexual abuse and a trial ensued. At the time, CGM was unable to respond effectively although here was no evidence. One of those women admitted to fraud and even dropped her charge. Despite all of this, Jung was sentenced to ten years imprisonment on the charges of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and other crimes from the remaining 4 women." 
  10. Moon Il-seok (15 Feb 2010). "월간지 記者 추적 "정명석 사건 재심필요" Jung Myung Seok’s Case Needs Retrial" (in Korean). Break News. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011744/http://breaknews.com/sub_read.html?uid=122285&section=sc1. "차 기자가 다섯 번째로 정 총재 관련 재판이 잘못됐다고 보는 이유는 성폭행과 관련된 내용이다. 그는 “당시 '문제 제기자'의 주장에 따르면 여성들은 '심한 성폭행을 당해 걷기가 힘들 정도로 깊은 상처를 입어 하혈을 했다'고 발표하였다. 그러나 이 사건이 법정으로 옮겨진 후, 이 진술과는 달리 피고의 변호인은 사건 현장에 있었던, 당시 cctv를 보면 이 두 사람은 피해자답지 않게 미소를 지었고, 걸음걸이 또한 전혀 불편해 보이지 않는다고 반박하였다”면서 “무엇보다 주목해야 할 사실은 성폭행 피해를 보았다며 법정고소를 함께 진행해왔던 c모양이 위증을 했다는 선언을 하고 고소를 취하한 것이다. c모양은 어머니의 손을 잡고 법정에 나와 경찰과 검찰 진술을 번복하며 피해 사실을 완전히 부인하였다. 재판부는 '증인이 고소 내용과 다르게 진술을 하면 처벌을 받을 수 있다'라고 하였지만, c모양은 '처벌을 받아도 좋다. 사실은 성폭행 당하지 않았다. 자신과 같이 고소한 d모양도 강간 등 성폭행을 당한 사실이 전혀 없음에도 '문제 제기자'의 사주에 의하여 허위로 고소를 하고 지금까지 허위 진술을 한 것이다.'라고 명백히 밝혔다”고, 원고 중의 한 사람이 법정에서 진술한 사실을 적시했다. The fifth reason why Cha believes that the trial of President JungMyeongSeok went wrong is the part about the sexual assault. He writes: At that time, the informer publicly asserted that the sexual assault on those women was so severe and their wounds were so deep that they could hardly walk; they had a bloody discharge. But when the case was moved to the court, the attorneys of the defendant gave a different statement. They rebutted, saying, “The footage of the CCTV set at the scene shows the two women smiling—not like victims—and their walks don’t look uncomfortable at all.” Cha continues and highlights the testimony given by one of the plaintiffs to the court: “More than anything, we need to pay attention to the fact that one of these women, Plaintiff C, who filed the suit as co-plaintiffs and initially claimed that she was sexually assaulted declared that she committed perjury, and she withdrew her suit. Plaintiff C came to the court holding her mother’s hand. She reversed the statements that she had given to the police and the prosecutor’s office, and completely denied the assault allegations. Even though the court warned her, saying ‘If your testimony differs from the contents of the complaint, you could be penalized,’ C clearly said, ‘I’m fine even if I will be penalized. The truth is that I was not sexually assaulted. Plaintiff D who filed the suit with me wasn’t raped or sexually assaulted either at all. But incited by the informer, she filed a false suit and has given false testimonies until now.’”" 
  11. 11.0 11.1 Herskovitz, Jon (May 22, 2014). "South Korean religious sect leader jailed for rape". National Post. http://www.nationalpost.com/news/world/story.html?id=f341a144-96f3-401a-a0e3-21c11e21a2af. Retrieved August 31, 2015. "A South Korean court on Tuesday sentenced Jung Myung-seok, the leader of a fringe religious sect, to six years in jail for raping female followers, a court official said. Jung, 63, the leader of the Jesus Morning Star sect (JMS), fled to China from South Korea in 2001 where he had been charged with selecting followers from photographs and then forcing them to have sex with him." 
  12. 12.0 12.1 "Cult Leader Gets 6-Year Prison Term". The Korea Times. August 12, 2008. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/12/117_29224.html. Retrieved February 28, 2014. "Notorious cult leader Jung Myung-seok received Tuesday a six-year prison sentence for raping and sexually abusing his female followers." 
  13. 13.0 13.1 "정명석 JMS총재 징역 6년 선고 [JMS leader Jung Myung-Seok sentenced to six years in prison]" (in Korean). Chosun Ilbo. August 13, 2008. http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/08/12/2008081201759.html. Retrieved October 29, 2013. "서울중앙지법 형사26부(재판장 배기열)는 12일 여자 신도들을 성폭행한 혐의로 구속기소된 JMS(기독교복음선교회) 총재 정명석(63)씨에게 징역 6년을 선고했다. (The Seoul Central District Court No. 26 Criminal Division (Justice Bae Ki-yeol) delivered a prison sentence of six years to JMS President Jung Myung-seok, 63, who had been arrested and charged with raping 12 female followers.)" 
  14. 14.0 14.1 송, 경호 (Song Gyeong-ho) (February 5, 2009). "성폭행 혐의 정명석, 항소심 선고 10일로 연기 [Jung Myung-seok sexual assault allegations, asks appeal court to postpone decision 10th]". Christian Today . Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. http://www.christiantoday.co.kr/view.htm?id=200699. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 "JMS 정명석 징역 10년 확정 [Jung Myung-Seok's 10-year prison sentence upheld]" (in Korean). Yonhap. April 23, 2009. http://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/society/2009/04/23/0702000000AKR20090423068400004.HTML. Retrieved October 29, 2013. "여신도들을 성폭행한 혐의(강간) 등으로 구속기소된 국제크리스천연합(JMS) 총재 정명석(64)씨에게 징역 10년을 선고한 원심을 확정했다." 
  16. 16.0 16.1 "Court Upholds 10-Yr Sentence on Cult Leader". The Korea Times. April 23, 2009. http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2009/04/117_43718.html. Retrieved March 1, 2014. "The Supreme Court upheld a 10-year-imprisonment sentence on Jung Myung-suk, the leader of the JMS (Jesus Morning Star) religious cult Thursday for the rape and sexual assault of five Korean female followers. Jung was indicted for sexually assaulting the victims between 2003 and 2006 in Hong Kong, Malaysia and China. A lower court convicted him on three counts sentencing him to a six-year-prison term, but a high court extended this to 10 years convicting him on all five counts." 
  17. 17.0 17.1 "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  18. 18.0 18.1 Moon Il-suk (15 Feb 2015). "Reporter calls for a retrial of Jung Myung Seok’s Case" (in Korean). Break News. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/10/29/jungmyungseok-case-needs-retrial/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. 
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 Cheon Won-ki (31 May 2012). "Is Jung Myung Seok's case social or religious?" (in Korean). Minjung News. Archived from the original on 19 Oct 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20141019080233/http://www.mjknews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=58073. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "The Mission’s doctrines are different to some Christian teachings. This has caused controversy from the time the Mission began until now. The doctrine which caused the most conflict was the purpose of creation and the fall. The Mission interprets the account of Adam and Eve eating the fruit of knowledge of good and evil in Genesis as the act of committing sexual sin. The Mission teaches that the law of creation is for a man and a woman to love God as first priority and to grow accordingly, after which they may have sexual relationships after marriage. However, Adam and Eve violated this principle and received punishment. With this as its fundamental doctrine, the Mission has continually taught people to remain chaste until marriage. However, Christianity has been teaching that the fruit of the knowledge of good and evil is a literal fruit, or that it symbolizes other things. The Mission and Christianity do not teach the same on this topic. The purpose of creation and the fall also caused conflict with the DCG. The DCG claimed that President Jung Myung Seok used this theory to teach people that love with God can be restored through sexual union with him, the Messiah. However, there was no evidence to prove this, and so it ended only as an allegation." 
  20. Kim Ah-yung (Dec 2012). "All Previous Cases Related to JMS Religious Organization’s Founder, Jung Myung Seok, Dismissed Without Charge." (in Korean). Jeong Gyeong News. Archived from the original on 29 October 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/10/29/jung-myung-seok-cases-dismissed/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "From January of last year, the case involving the religious organization referred to as JMS (Official name: Christian Gospel Mission) attracted a lot of attention through the media and the case finally concluded at the end of October. Some of the people related to the case were acquitted by the court after investigation. Hereby, the founder, Jung Myung Seok, was cleared from all accusations and the press itself. The press, found to have fabricated contents in the media without confirming the facts, became the target of criticism." 
  21. Choi Jung-pyon (5 Nov 2013). "The Ministry of Justice clarified that speculations made by Park Beom-Gye (a member of the National Assembly) of Jung Myung Seok receiving preferential treatment in prison are untrue." (in Korean). Uri News (우리들 뉴스). Archived from the original on 2 Feb 2017. http://jmsprovidence.com/2017/02/02/speculations-jung-myung-seok-untrue/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "On October 25, 2013, Park Beom-Gye (a member of the National Assembly) questioned whether Jung (president and pastor of the Christian Gospel Mission, formerly known as JMS) was living a life of luxury, while receiving preferential treatment in prison. In response, Minister Hyang Gyo-Ahn from the Ministry of Justice issued a statement explaining that this was a misunderstanding and provided further explanatory materials. After checking the facts, we found out that Jung had been writing sermons everyday sitting in his room and sending them outside. The church members would post those sermons on websites run by the CGM. The question put forth by Mr Park Beom-Gye was irresponsible and groundless. His speculation of Jung receiving preferential treatment spread to certain news outlets, which harmed the reputation and the dignity of the Christian Gospel Mission and its church members." 
  22. "Religious sect leader formally arrested on rape charges". Yonhap. February 23, 2008. http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2008/02/23/56/0302000000AEN20080223001200315F.HTML. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  23. 23.0 23.1 Herskovitz, Jon (August 12, 2008). "South Korean religious sect leader jailed for rape". Reuters. http://www.reuters.com/article/2008/08/12/us-korea-sect-idUSSEO9345720080812. Retrieved December 18, 2013. "A South Korean court yesterday sentenced Jung Myung-seok, the leader of a fringe religious sect, to six years in jail for raping female followers, a court official said. ... Former members have told the Seoul court that young and attractive women were presented to Jung as "gifts" and he forced them into sex as a part of a purification ritual." 
  24. "[South Korean new religion Setsuri, members in Japan 2000, even lawsuits against leader]" (in Japanese). Mainichi Shimbun. August 8, 2006. Archived from the original on August 8, 2006. http://www.asahi-net.or.jp/~am6k-kzhr/sokuho.htm. Retrieved May 15, 2016. 
  25. 25.0 25.1 Jung, Yeol (정열 / passion) (July 21, 1999). "[SBS 'I Want to Know It", the aftermath]" (in Korean). Yonhap. http://news.naver.com/main/read.nhn?mode=LSD&mid=sec&sid1=103&oid=001&aid=0004416956. 
  26. Nam, Sang-mun ( 남상문, Production Director for SBS) (May 2001). "[(Production Notes) JMS's true form revealed, courageous victim named 'Gong']". The Hankyoreh. Archived from the original on October 8, 2015. http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:5Nzkr34WJ9cJ:www.hani.co.kr/section-009100004/2001/05/p009100004200105181823181.html. 
  27. Yangjeong, Jee-geon (양정지건) (November 2, 2002). "[Breaking News:SBS 'I Want to Know It" broadcast ruling]" (in Korean). NewsNJoy. http://www.newsnjoy.or.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=37401. 
  28. "韓国カルト、日本で2千人 若者勧誘、教祖が性的暴行 [Korean Cult numbering 2000 in Japan solicits youths in Japan, cult leader commits sexual violence]" (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. July 27, 2006. Archived from the original on August 13, 2006. https://web.archive.org/web/20060813184736/http://www.asahi.com/national/update/0727/OSK200607270231.html. Retrieved April 7, 2015. 
  29. "2,000 Japanese join cult led by suspected sex offender on the run from Interpol". Asahi Shimbun. July 29, 2006. Archived from the original on January 20, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080120215531/http://www.asahi.com/english/Herald-asahi/TKY200607290185.html. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  30. "World News Quick Take". Taipei Times. May 17, 2007. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/world/archives/2007/05/17/2003361326. Retrieved March 1, 2014. "He fled an extradition hearing but was detained by Chinese authorities early this month. Former members, mostly young girls, have told police they were told to undress for a "health check" and to have sex with him to wipe out their sins." 
  31. 李美嬅; 陳洛薇 (November 9, 2001). "[Religion infiltrates, upwards of 100 female student victims? Certain weekly magazine alleges Korean Providence leader with indecent assault, naming National Taiwan University, National Chengchi University, Fu Jen University who all deny]" (in zh). Central Daily News. p. 8. http://210.69.89.131/cnaweb/showframe.asp?recordnum=12&RltIndex=11&database=1,&user=321&databaseNum=12,&pagenum=1&ID=862821&P=中央日報&D=90/11/09&T=8. 
  32. "S Korean religious figure faces sexual assault accusations". Taipei Times. November 12, 2001. http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/local/archives/2001/11/12/111168. Retrieved March 1, 2014. "Chung Template:Sic Myung-seok (Template:Lang), founder of the South Korean Jesus Morning Star Church (Template:Lang), is suspected of sexually assaulting his female followers. A Chinese-language magazine said Chung had sexually assaulted the women, many of them students from National Taiwan and National Chengchi universities, telling them it was part of a religious ceremony. The accusation prompted the police to investigate." 
  33. 33.0 33.1 33.2 "Founder of cult captured in China after eight years". Korea JoongAng Daily. May 17, 2007. http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2875640. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  34. "[Providence leader Jung Myung Seok wanted for sexual assault of female parishoners]" (in zh). TVBS. June 2, 2006. http://www.tvbs.com.tw/news/news_list.asp?no=keri20030622123441. Retrieved September 10, 2015. Template:Dead linkTemplate:CbignoreTemplate:Dead link
  35. 陳志東 (December 10, 2001). "[Prividence's Korean female victims file appeal suit against leader, press club clashes with heated debate]" (in zh). ETtoday.com. Archived on October 8, 2008. Template:Citation error. http://www.ettoday.com/2001/12/10/218-1234524.htm. Retrieved April 6, 2015. 
  36. 黃白雪 (October 13, 2005). "踢爆邪教魔爪校園再現 [Blowing whistle on the cult's demonic clutches reappearing on campuses]" (in zh-tw). Apple Daily. http://www.appledaily.com.tw/appledaily/article/headline/20051013/2124471/. 
  37. 37.0 37.1 신, 호철 (April 23, 2006). "정명석, ‘황제 도피’ 즐긴다 [Jung Myung-Suk enjoys being a runaway emperor?]" (in Korean). 시사저널 (Sisa Journal) (Sisa Press). Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. http://www.sisapress.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=32634. Retrieved August 24, 2015. 
  38. Kim, Dae-won (김대원) (June 4, 2007). "SBS "정명석, 중국에서도 성폭행 혐의" [SBS "Jeongmyeongseok, sexual assault allegations in China."]" (in Korean). Christian Today. Archived from the original on October 9, 2007. http://www.christiantoday.co.kr/view.htm?id=185646. Retrieved August 24, 2015. 
  39. Kim Ah-yung (Dec 2012). "All Previous Cases Related to JMS Religious Organization’s Founder, Jung Myung Seok, Dismissed Without Charge." (in Korean). Jeong Gyeong News. pp. 242–247. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Jeong-Gyeong-newsarticle.pdf. "There are three characteristics that closely resemble the handling of both the past and the present case of Jung Myung Seok. First, the issue was dispersed by the Internet and media, and thus became well-known to the public. Second, allegations without proof were made. Third, it was found that anti-JMS organizations, which incite former members to attack Jung, had then asked Jung for money to drop their allegations." 
  40. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Media S amplified the topic by broadcasting a report about how the president of the JMS religious body sexually harassed its believers, and continued to cause problems abroad after he fled to Hong Kong. Media S and its current affairs program took this story about President Jung Myeong Seok as fait accompli, and the mass media began to regurgitate this story, without making enquiries as to what the truth may be." 
  41. Kim Chun-ho (12 Feb 2010). "News Daily "Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed, exposing the falsehood behind S Broadcasting’s professional accusations". News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011319/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=28759. Retrieved 20 February 2017. "그후 정 총재는 해외선교행을 떠났는데 S방송사는 JMS교단의 총재가 교인들을 성추행하고 홍콩으로 도주해 해외에서도 문제를 발생시킨다는 내용을 고발형식으로 내보냈다. 이 프로를 통해 정 총재의 행각을 기정사실화 시켰고, 다른 매체들은 확인도 없이 받아쓰기 식으로 기사를 도배하기 시작했다" 
  42. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Finally, it was brought to light that the footages aired by Media S were distortions of the original video, crafted by video editing. Media S had depicted President Jung Myeong Seok as a leader with sexual problems in its broadcast. Media S showed a portion of President Jung’s Sunday sermon from 1995, titled ‘A Life of Thanskgiving’. In the portion that was aired, the company distorted the audio of President Jung saying ‘give a tithe of lives, by evangelising one person out of ten’, to the point those spoken words were inaudible. Media S then inserted as subtitles the words ‘one woman’ instead of ‘one person’, when the story was aired. This was done so that viewers would inevitably be led to believe that President Jung Myeong Seok was a leader with sexual problems. In the original video, there were both men and women present at the Sunday service and events. However, Media S edited the video such that only females could be seen on screen. This gave viewers the impression that President Jung Myeong Seok was a religious sect leader who only interacted with women." 
  43. Kim Chun-ho (12 Feb 2010). "News Daily "Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed, exposing the falsehood behind S Broadcasting’s professional accusations". News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011319/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=28759. Retrieved 20 February 2017. "첫번째는 정 총재가 '여자하나를 전도해오라(?)'는 설교대목이다. 당시 방송에서 나왔던 장면은 교단에서 촬영한 영상으로 95년 주일예배 '감사하는 생활'이라는 설교였다. 그런데 방송에서 발췌한 부분의 원본내용은 "생명의 십일조 열의 하나를 전도하라"는 내용이었다. 방송은 '열의 하나'라는 부분을 명확하게 들을 수 없게 처리하였고 자막에는 '여자하나'라고 표시하여 방영하였다. 두번째는 정 총재와 함께 있는 사람들이 모두 '여성(?)'이었던 장면이다. 방영 장면은 예배와 행사때 였는데 실제 비디오를 검토해보면 남녀가 같이 있었던 장면이었음에도 불구하고 방송은 여자들만 나오는 장면만 편집을 하여 방영하였다. 이 두 부분은 시청자들로 하여금 '이성적인 문제가 있고 여자들만 상대하는 교주'라고 인식하게끔 만들어버린 내용이다." 
  44. Moon Il-seok (15 Feb 2010). "월간지 記者 추적 "정명석 사건 재심필요" Jung Myung Seok’s Case Needs Retrial" (in Korean). Break News. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011744/http://breaknews.com/sub_read.html?uid=122285&section=sc1. "A Media took an excerpt from a 1995 Sunday sermon entitled, “Life of Thanksgiving.” The Media modulated President Jung Myung Seok’s voice in the part where he says, ‘The tithe of life—evangelize one person out of ten’ to make it difficult to clearly hear what he actually says. Then the Media added a subtitle that read, ‘one woman,’ when it was aired. This quote inevitably made the viewers think President Jung Myung Seok to be a leader with sexual problems. Furthermore, when the Media aired the footage of the services or events of the organization, even though both males and females are shown in the original video, the Media edited the scenes so that only females would be visible. In this way, A Media gave the audience an impression that President Jung Myung Seok was a religious leader who dealt only with females.’”" 
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 Kim Hyun-gyu (4 April 2012). "Why is Christian Gospel Mission back in the spotlight?". Newsmaker. Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/201204_Newsmaker-_Why_is_the_CGM_back_in_the_spotlight.pdf. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "Christianity had labeled the CGM as heretical. The CGM had been fighting many legal battles against Exodus, another anti‐CGM organization. Exodus members are mostly Christians. It all started in 1999 when a television broadcasting company aired a program about the CGM. The fighting paused after President Jung received his 10 year sentence by the Supreme Court’s decision in April 2009. The judge assessed the evidence with tainted emotions and intuitions, rather than absolute rationality. The television news report was found to have been completely biased and distorted. In litigation, the court found that the broadcasting company had based its report solely on the claims of the Exodus leader. The CGM sued the broadcasting company for damages. The case was taken to the Supreme Court, and on September 9, 2010, the court found in favor of the CGM. The CGM was awarded 90 million won in compensation. Despite that outcome, Exodus continued, ever since 1995, to spread scathing reports about JMS and to brew negative public opinion. An injunction was granted forcing Exodus to cease operation of its website on June 29, 2005. However, Exodus changed its website’s domain and reopened another site under the same name, and continued to operate that second site." 
  46. 46.0 46.1 Kim Ah-yeon. ""All Previous Cases Related to JMS Religious Organization’s Founder, Jung Myung Seok, Dismissed Without Charge."" (in Korean). Jeong Gyeong News. pp. 242–247. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Jeong-Gyeong-newsarticle.pdf. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "그런데 1999년부터 2004년 까지 수차에 걸쳐 JMS 사건을 사회문제로 부각시킨 방송보도는 법원에서 화해권고결정(2005년)과 손해배상판결(2010년)을 받은바 있다. However, a broadcasting report that raised the JMS case as a social issue from 1999 to 2004 received a court settlement recommendation decision (2005) and a damages judgment decision (2010). According to this judgment, CGM received 90 million Won (2010)." 
  47. Kim Chun-ho (12 Feb 2010). "News Daily "Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed, exposing the falsehood behind S Broadcasting’s professional accusations". News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011319/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=28759. Retrieved 20 February 2017. "이후로도 계속되었던 S방송사의 편파적인 보도에 대해 법원은 결국 화해권고결정을 내렸고 주요 내용은 다음과 같다. - 김씨 등의 일방적인 제보 자료를 방송에 쓰면 안된다. - 방송 48시간 전에 해당 단체에 고지해야 한다. - 방송분의 5%를 보장하여 반론 보도를 할 수 있도록 해야한다. - 이를 어길 시에는 건당 3,000만원을 배상해야 된다." 
  48. Kim Ah-yeon. ""All Previous Cases Related to JMS Religious Organization’s Founder, Jung Myung Seok, Dismissed Without Charge."" (in Korean). Jeong Gyeong News. pp. 242–247. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Jeong-Gyeong-newsarticle.pdf. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "The court made several rulings in the case of the distorted reporting by Kim Do-hun (alias) and Kim Hyung-su (alias): “Do not air Kim do-hun and Kim hyung-su’s report again, give 48 hours notice to CGM before a report about Providence is broadcast, guarantee five percent of the reporting time to Providence to defend their side of the story, and whenever these rules are broken, they must pay 30 million Won to Providence.”" 
  49. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "However, this was not known to the viewing public, and President Jung Myeong Seok who was already branded a criminal by public opinion, continued to suffer because of the media... Also, conflict within the organization intensified. Some followers viewed the stories aired by the media and uttered their disbelief upon seeing the difference between the original video made by the Church and the footages aired by Media S." 
  50. 50.0 50.1 "Asian Cult Leader Arrested". The Australian. May 15, 2007. http://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/world/asian-cult-leader-arrested/story-e6frg6so-1111113538594. Retrieved August 24, 2015. "Jung, wanted by Korean police for rape, fraud and embezzlement, escaped South Korea in 1999 and was later placed on the Interpol wanted list. He next surfaced in Hong Kong in 2003, where he was charged with being an illegal immigrant, granted bail and fled again – apparently to China. He was caught by police in Anshan, in Liaoning, the Chinese province that borders North Korea. It is believed he has also, while on the run, lived in Italy and Taiwan." 
  51. "Ask the Police". Korean National Police Agency. September 21, 2003. Archived from the original on October 9, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20081009220613/http://www.npa.go.kr/eng/visitor/visitorView.jsp?seq=167. Retrieved November 21, 2006. "Seoul Interpol requested the suspect's deportation to Hongkong Interpol on 1 July 2003. The suspect was arrested for illegal stay in Hongkong, China by Hongkong Immigration Department on 9 July 2003 but released on bail after 3 days. Hongkong Immigration Department approved the exit order for Korea against Myung Sok JUNG. However, the suspect disappeared since he appealed dissatisfaction to Immigration Department on 1 August 2003. Hongkong police cancelled the bail against the suspect and are searching for him after registering the suspect on watching lists." 
  52. "Accused rapist cult leader faces extradition to Korea". January 2, 2008. Archived from the original on January 15, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080115174612/http://www.news.com.au/story/0,23599,22998981-23109,00.html. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  53. "S. Korean sect leader facing rape charges". United Press International. February 23, 2008. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2008/02/23/S-Korean-sect-leader-facing-rape-charges/81811203796166/. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  54. "Cult Leader Extradited to Korea". The Korea Times. February 21, 2008. Archived from the original on April 1, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080401134040/http://www.koreatimes.co.kr/www/news/nation/2008/02/113_19368.html. Retrieved February 27, 2008. "He'd been on Korean wanted lists since 1999 (and the Interpol Red Notice since 2004) after fleeing the country after charges of rape emerged. While overseas, he made constant headlines for allegedly raping female devotees in various countries." 
  55. Kim, Min-hui (김민희) (April 18, 2006). "'JMS 정명석 성폭행 계속...정부 뭐하나' 울분 [JMS's Jung Myung Seok assaults continuing; outrage over government inaction]" (in Korean). CNB News. http://www.cnbnews.com/news/article.html?no=5993. Retrieved September 14, 2015. "피해자들은 이 날 오후 4시 안국동 느키나무까페에서 'JMS 비리 폭로 및 수사 촉구를 위한 기자회견'을 열고 최근 언론을 통해 알려진 정명석의 성폭행 당시 상황 등을 낱낱이 공개했다. (Victims held a press conference at 4 pm today in the Nukinamu Cafe in Anguk Dong demanding the exposure and investigation into the JMS corruption case and more fully clarifying events surrounding the Jung Myung Seok sexual assaults that had recently been reported in the media.)" 
  56. 56.0 56.1 "South Korean fugitive cult leader Jung extradited back to Seoul". Associated Press Television News. February 20, 2008. http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/view/7f51b2b481ecfc4cc98ff70932bd2783?subClipIn=00:00:00&subClipOut=00:00:00. Retrieved February 29, 2008. 
  57. 57.0 57.1 "South Korean religious sect leader extradited from China to face rape charges". International Herald Tribune, AP. February 20, 2008. Archived from the original on June 4, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080604164157/http://www.iht.com/articles/ap/2008/02/20/asia/AS-GEN-SKorea-Cult-Leader.php. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  58. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Surprisingly, the person who led a group called Exodus (the lead group for the anti‐JMS movement) was Mr Kim, the same man who had complained about the story of Ms Hwang, for being about an assault allegation, rather than kidnapping." 
  59. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "On April 18, 2006, Mr Kim held a press conference with four women who claimed that they had been assaulted. This occurred at a time when the world was about to forget about JMS. This press conference brought JMS back to people’s minds. Mr Kim asserted that the reporters were seeking his views, in hopes of being on the side of justice. However, a shocking occurrence was exposed on the spot by Pastor Park, from his in depth investigation of the case. Mr Kim had demanded from the CGM 2 billion won as a pretext for agreement. Those who did not know Mr Kim would never have suspected this. A reporter from another media company ‘K’ had heard about the payment demand and conceded that there were problems with the press conference, and so chose to not cover the story. Afterwards, other reporters who had heard this truth began to doubt the trustworthiness of Mr Kim’s conduct, being the leader of the anti‐JMS group." 
  60. Moon Il-seok (15 Feb 2010). "월간지 記者 추적 "정명석 사건 재심필요" Jung Myung Seok’s Case Needs Retrial" (in Korean). Break News. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011744/http://breaknews.com/sub_read.html?uid=122285&section=sc1. "On April 18, 2006, ‘the informer’ held a press conference in which he made the four women who claimed to be sexually victimized speak. When the world was about to forget JMS, the conference refreshed viewers’ memory of them. The journalists wanted to hear the position of ‘the informer’ who declared that he was working for justice. But in that conference, something shocking was disclosed. Pastor Park XX, who was investigating the case in order to know its depth, told me, ‘Those who have not been harassed by the informer won’t understand how it is.’ He then added that the informer was demanding two billion won to drop the case. Upon hearing this, a reporter of ‘B Media’ figured that there was a problem with the press conference and stopped his coverage of the conference. Because of the action of the informer, other reporters who came to know that fact later also began doubting the credibility the informer who was leading ‘the anti-JMS.’" 
  61. 61.0 61.1 61.2 Kim Chun-ho (26 Feb 2010). ""Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed regarding the falsehood ( "Y" who had claimed to be a sexual assault victim, whistleblows because of her conscience)". News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011319/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=28759. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "The question about the press conference was somewhat resolved in the process of judging whether the contents claimed by K were true or not. At the press conference, K said, "The victims were severely raped and suffered a deep wound, which made it difficult for them to walk." However, when I looked at the CCTV at the scene of the incident, I smiled like a victim, and the gait was also taken as a completely uncomfortable image. On April 4, 2006, the results of diagnosis of Mr. B and Mr. Y, who claim to be victims of the incident, are summarized as follows. - Diagnosis of Chinese Public Hospital : No abnormality in hymen. No other abnormalities and traces of rape are found. Y was diagnosed with menstruation at that time. - Police Hospital Medical Records : No damage to the hymen. No trace of sexual assault can be found in any form. - National Institute of Scientific Investigation  : Negative response from semen test." 
  62. 62.0 62.1 62.2 "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "On April 4, 2006, Ms Jang and Ms Kim, the alleged victims, undertook a medical examination in a hospital, while under Chinese police protection. The examination resulted in a finding of no traces of sexual assault. In particular, for Ms Jang, the alleged incident had occurred during her menstruation. Hence, the case amounted to nothing... However, two days later, Ms Kim, an accuser, requested another medical examination from the police hospital. This time, she was diagnosed with a laceration of 0.5mm, which was different to the previous finding. The doctor who conducted the examination stated that this was a slight injury, which could have been the result of excessive bicycle riding. Given the difference between the first and second medical diagnosis, the defendant’s lawyer reasoned that the injury was possibly self‐inflicted. Further, Ms Kim showed a photo of her abdomen as evidence for her claim that water was forcefully injected into her vagina, which resulted in her swollen abdomen. However, the doctor from the Korean Police Hospital who had medically examined Ms Kim testified that this was medically impossible. The defendant’s lawyer stated that this photo was intentionally produced to fabricate damage. Ms Jang had alleged that she was a victim of sexual assault and her accusations were brought to trial. However, she later confessed that her accusations and testimony were false and withdrew her lawsuit." 
  63. Cheon Won-ki (31 May 2012). "Is Jung Myung Seok's case social or religious?" (in Korean). Minjung News. Archived from the original on 19 Oct 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20141019080233/http://www.mjknews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=58073. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "Negotiations involving Kim’s demand for money from the Mission broke down. Afterwards, he called a press conference for April 18, 2006, at which he brought along the women who claimed that President Jung had harmed them in China. The media scrambled to report about President Jung Myung Seok being guilty of sexual assault in China and bringing international shame to Korea. Because of the accusations of those who opposed JMS, President Jung was arrested in China, imprisoned and later extradited to Korea. In the end, he received a 10-year sentence, despite contradictory testimonies and an absence of rational evidence. The judge’s emotions and intuitions determined the verdict, in the absence of conclusive evidence." 
  64. "Lawyers eye cult rape accusations". Japan Times. July 31, 2006. http://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2006/07/31/national/lawyers-eye-cult-rape-accusations/. Retrieved August 31, 2015. "South Korean authorities have put Jung, 61, on an international wanted list on rape charges. Watanabe said the head of Setsuri persuaded Japanese women to join the cult, introduced them to Jung and took them to Jung’s hideout. Jung allegedly raped the women, Watanabe said, while they were under mind control." 
  65. "China extradites chief of alleged S. Korean rapist cult". China Post. AFP, China Post (Taiwan). February 21, 2008. http://www.chinapost.com.tw/asia/2008/02/21/143806/China-extradites.htm. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  66. "Alleged South Korean Rape Cult Leader Arrested in China". Associated Press. Fox News Channel. May 16, 2007. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,272712,00.html. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  67. "Jeong Myeong-seok Arrested in China". The Dong-a Ilbo. May 17, 2007. http://english.donga.com/srv/service.php3?biid=2007051777138. Retrieved February 28, 2014. "Hwang Chul-kyu, who is in charge of international crime cases in Ministry of Justice, announced on May 16 that, "Chinese police informed us that a man caught in Beijing on May 1 turned out to be Jeong Myeong-seok after comparing fingerprints."" 
  68. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "On April 4, 2006, Ms Jang and Ms Kim, the alleged victims, undertook a medical examination in a hospital, while under Chinese police protection. The examination resulted in a finding of no traces of sexual assault. In particular, for Ms Jang, the alleged incident had occurred during her menstruation. Hence, the case amounted to nothing...Despite the verdict, this case had led to Korea’s extradition of President Jung Myeong Seok. Accusations were made against President Jung while he was abroad. As he was not in Korea, his prosecution was in pending status. Hence, Korea’s Department of Justice requested his extradition from China, and China accepted that request." 
  69. 등록 (February 22, 2008). "정명석 제이엠에스 총재 [Jung Myung-seok the JMS leader detained]". The Hankyoreh. http://www.hani.co.kr/arti/society/religious/271485.html. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  70. "8년 도피 행각 JMS 정명석, 한국 인도 결정 [8 years on the run, decision to send JMS's Jung Myung-seok back to Korea]". Christian Today. October 2, 2007. http://www.christiantoday.co.kr/view.htm?id=187853. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  71. "韩国"淫乱教主"郑明析中国落网 [South Korean 'promiscuous guru' Jung Myung-seok to be apprehended in China]". Xinhua News Agency. May 22, 2007. http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2007-05/22/content_6135125.htm. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  72. "Cult boss extradited to face sex raps". JoongAng Ilbo. February 21, 2008. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110718172736/http://joongangdaily.joins.com/article/view.asp?aid=2886496. Retrieved November 4, 2013. "Jung was taken directly to the Seoul Central Public Prosecutors' Office from the airport. Prosecutors began questioning Jung after his arrival regarding nine complaints filed against him on charges that include embezzlement and sexual assault." 
  73. "Religious sect leader formally arrested on rape charges". Yonhap. February 23, 2008. http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/national/2008/02/23/56/0302000000AEN20080223001200315F.HTML. Retrieved February 27, 2008. 
  74. "JMS 정명석씨, 신도 성폭행 6천만원 위자료 확정 [Court upholds compensation for JMS's raped followers in the amount of 60 million won]" (in Korean). Donganuri News. January 11, 2008. Archived from the original on February 15, 2008. https://web.archive.org/web/20080215060441/http://nuri.donga.com/nurinews/view.php?k_id=200801110239&m=2. Retrieved January 27, 2008. "JMS 정명석 총재에게 성추행ㆍ성폭행 당한 여성신도 2명이 위자료를 받게 됐다. (Two female followers received compensation for sexual assault and rape by Leader Jung Myung Soek.)" 
  75. "Cult Followers Break into Dong-A Ilbo Office". The Dong-a Ilbo. January 15, 2008. http://english.donga.com/srv/service.php3?biid=2008011523598. Retrieved March 1, 2014. "Members of the religious cult JMS broke into the editorial office of the Dong-A Ilbo Monday morning. They smashed the glass entrance on the 13th floor to enter the daily's office, demanding the removal of articles on the cult's founder Jeong Myeong-seok. Jeong is reportedly hiding in China after being accused by former women followers of committing sexual assault and rape." 
  76. "언론계에 'JMS 공포' [JMS terror in the world of media]" (in Korean). Chosun Ilbo. January 17, 2008. http://news.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2008/01/17/2008011701088.html. "17일 언론계에 따르면 JMS 신도 40여명은 지난 14일 서울 광화문 동아일보 사옥 13층 편집국에 난입, "정명석 총재 관련 기사를 내리라"고 강요하며 장시간 난동을 부렸다. (The press reported on the 17th that on the 14th, 40 followers of JMS forced their way into the editorial department on the 13th floor of the Dong-a Ilbo Building in Gwanghwamun Seoul, demanded the paper recall articles about Jung Myung-seok, and created a general disturbance for several hours.)" 
  77. "검찰, 본사난입 JMS 신도 7명 기소 [Prosecutors raid JMS headquarter, indicting 7]" (in Korean). The Dong-a Ilbo. July 24, 2008. http://news.donga.com/3/all/20080724/8606939/1. Retrieved March 1, 2014. 
  78. "Cult head jailed for sex crimes". The Straits Times. Agence France-Presse (Singapore). February 10, 2009. Archived from the original on November 15, 2010. https://web.archive.org/web/20101115020432/http://www.straitstimes.com/Breaking%2BNews/Asia/Story/STIStory_336458.html. Retrieved October 29, 2013. 
  79. Ser, Myo-ja (February 11, 2009). "Cult head gets harsh new sentence". Korea JoongAng Daily (JoongAng Ilbo). http://koreajoongangdaily.joins.com/news/article/article.aspx?aid=2900886. Retrieved August 23, 2015. "The Seoul High Court ruled yesterday that Jung is guilty of a total four counts of rape, overturning one acquittal and handing down a heavier punishment." 
  80. Schwartzman, Nathan (English translator) (November 18, 2009). "South Korean cult leader hit by new judgment". Asian Correspondent. http://asiancorrespondent.com/24930/cult-leader-hit-by-new-judgment/. Retrieved September 20, 2015. ; original article: "법원, JMS 정명석 5천만원 배상 판결 [Court rules 50 million won damages against JMS's Jung Myeong-suk]" (in Korean). Yonhap News. JoongAng Ilbo. November 16, 2009. Archived from the original on November 19, 2009. https://web.archive.org/web/20091119202840/http://news.joins.com/article/616/3877616.html?. 
  81. ":ko: 법원, JMS 정명석 5천만원 배상 판결 [Court orders JMS's Jung Myung Seok to pay 50 million won restitution]" (in Korean). Hankook Ilbo (한국일보). November 16, 2009. http://sports.hankooki.com/lpage/lifenjoy/200911/sp2009111619423394470.htm. 
  82. Cheon Won-ki (31 May 2012). "Is Jung Myung Seok's case social or religious?" (in Korean). Minjung News. Archived from the original on 19 Oct 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20141019080233/http://www.mjknews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=58073. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "At present, the primary reporters of issues concerning the Mission are only a few Christian media outlets. Major media organizations appeared to be cautious of the sensationalization of these controversies about the Mission, because there was no rational evidence to support the DCG’s accusations and a few noticeable contradictions. This is one of the reasons why, when the Mission sued the DCG for compensation and requested the SBS (Seoul Broadcasting System), which had been reporting about JMS since 1999, to redact their broadcasts, the court recommended mediation between SBS and the Mission. The court later affirmed the order against SBS to compensate the Mission. Several journalists have exposed the fact that Kim Jin-hyung (pseudonym), the DCG representative, was sentenced to 18 months’ imprisonment and had been put on probation for three years because of fraud. There were suspicions that he forged a certificate of ordination to become a pastor of the Orthodox Christian headquarters. The journalists even cautioned the public to not fall for Kim’s public opinion herding." 
  83. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Given the actions of Mr Kim, someone who was anti‐JMS, one must consider whether the allegations against President Jung Myeong Seok stemming from him were false. The judge sentenced President Jung to 10 years, a severe penalty, in a case where the witnesses’ testimonies and the witnesses themselves were vague. We must also reflect on whether the presiding judge had a proper understanding of religion, whether his judgment was obscured and forced by public sentiment and if so, whether President Jung was charged with false accusations. Mr Kim should be investigated as to whether he had coordinated and manipulated the actions of the accusers from behind in order to bring trouble, for the purpose of monetary profit. The fact that Mr Kim had demanded money from the CGM to settle should warrant such investigation." 
  84. Moon Il-seok (15 Feb 2010). "월간지 記者 추적 "정명석 사건 재심필요" Jung Myung Seok’s Case Needs Retrial" (in Korean). Break News. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011744/http://breaknews.com/sub_read.html?uid=122285&section=sc1. "If journalists measure religious activities with a non-religious ruler, they end up drawing a weird image. Likewise, the prosecution also should reflect on itself to see how faithful it was to the principle of presumption of innocence, which says, ‘Even if you may let go one hundred thieves, you must not unjustly convict one person.’” In addition, Cha pointed out, “To consider the closure of this case that had only ambiguous evidences and witnesses against—a severe punishment of ten year imprisonment, the court should reflect to see if the judgment of the residing judges also was clouded by their lack of understanding of religions and by the public opinions that were forcibly formed; it should examine the injustice done to President JungMyungSeok.”" 
  85. Cheon Won-ki (31 May 2012). "Is Jung Myung Seok's case social or religious?" (in Korean). Minjung News. Archived from the original on 19 Oct 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20141019080233/http://www.mjknews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=58073. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "Bias weighed against President Jung Myung Seok in his trial. Christian groups brought their influence to bear on the trial, having already deemed President Jung to be a cult leader, and by public opinion he was already branded a criminal prior to the trial. A Mission spokesperson noted, “It was the Christian Council of Korea that petitioned the court for a guilty outcome in President Jung’s trial. Moreover, the major opposers of JMS are aligned with the Christian groups. This gives rise to a conflict of interest.”" 
  86. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Ms Jang had alleged that she was a victim of sexual assault and her accusations were brought to trial. However, she later confessed that her accusations and testimony were false and withdrew her lawsuit. This fact should have received more attention than any other. Ms Jang attended court while holding her mother’s hand. There, she changed her statements that were previously given to the prosecutors and completely denied that she was a victim. The judge warned her stating, “If a witness testifies differently from a previously made accusation, they would be penalized for perjury.” To that, Ms Jang responded, “I am fine to be punished. The truth is that I was not sexually assaulted. Ms Kim, the joint‐plaintiff, also falsely accused President Jung Myeong Seok, while being pressured and incited by Exodus. There was no sexual assault and we have been giving false testimonies.” After that, Ms Jang faced perjury charges, laid against her by Mr Kim from Exodus; it was apparent that Mr Kim was coordinating the actions of the two accusers. The question to be asked is– what right did Mr Kim have to accuse Ms Jang for acting out of her conscience? This ought to be investigated." 
  87. Kim Chun-ho (26 Feb 2010). "″Christian Gospel Mission”(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed regarding the falsehood ( “Y” who had claimed to be a sexual assault victim, whistleblows because of her conscience)". News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011319/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=28759. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "그리고 이 진단결과를 뒷바침하는 결정적인 사건이 법정에서 일어났다. 그것은 다름아니라 성폭행 피해를 보았다며 법정고소를 함께 진행해왔던 Y씨가 위증을 했다고 말하며 고소를 취하한 것이다. Y씨는 어머니의 손을 잡고 법정에 나와 경찰과 검찰 진술을 번복하며 피해 사실을 완전히 부인하였다. 재판부는 "증인이 고소 내용과 다르게 진술을 하면 처벌을 받을 수 있다"고 하였음에도 불구하고 Y씨는 "처벌을 받아도 좋다. 사실은 성폭행 당하지 않았다. 자신과 같이 고소한 B씨도 강간 등 성폭행을 당한 사실이 전혀 없음에도 엑소더스측의 사주에 의하여 허위로 고소를 하고 지금까지 허위 진술을 한 것이다."라고 밝혔다. 그러자 성피해자라 주장하는 여성4명과 함께 기자회견을 열었던 엑소더스의 K씨는 Y씨를 위증혐의로 고발했다. 이번 기사에서 가장 큰 의문은 K씨의 행동인데 첫번째, '기자회견에서 왜 거짓말을 했는가?', 두번째, '법정에서 양심선언한 Y씨를 왜 고발한 것인가?' 이다. K씨가 불의가 가득한 세상에 정의를 위한 시대의 영웅이라면 그의 모든 행동은 쉽게 이해될 것이다. 하지만 K씨의 거짓말은 정의와는 거리가 멀다. 그렇다면 성피해여성의 대변인을 자청하는 K씨가 정의가 아닌 다른 것에 목적을 두고 있다면 우리는 좀 더 지켜보고 진지하게 판단해봐야 할 것이다." 
  88. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Given the actions of Mr Kim, someone who was anti‐JMS, one must consider whether the allegations against President Jung Myeong Seok stemming from him were false. The judge sentenced President Jung to 10 years, a severe penalty, in a case where the witnesses’ testimonies and the witnesses themselves were vague. We must also reflect on whether the presiding judge had a proper understanding of religion, whether his judgment was obscured and forced by public sentiment and if so, whether President Jung was charged with false accusations. Mr Kim should be investigated as to whether he had coordinated and manipulated the actions of the accusers from behind in order to bring trouble, for the purpose of monetary profit. The fact that Mr Kim had demanded money from the CGM to settle should warrant such investigation." 
  89. Moon Il-seok (15 Feb 2010). "월간지 記者 추적 "정명석 사건 재심필요" Jung Myung Seok’s Case Needs Retrial" (in Korean). Break News. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2016. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206011744/http://breaknews.com/sub_read.html?uid=122285&section=sc1. "To consider the closure of this case that had only ambiguous evidences and witnesses against—a severe punishment of ten year imprisonment, the court should reflect to see if the judgment of the residing judges also was clouded by their lack of understanding of religions and by the public opinions that were forcibly formed; it should examine the injustice done to President JungMyungSeok." 
  90. 90.0 90.1 Kim Chun-ho (31 March 2010). ""Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed regarding the falsehood (The 20billion won request from K)" (in Korean). News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206013508/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=29733. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "K씨는 지난해 법정에서 정총재의 10년형에 큰 몫을 한 사람 중에 한명이다. 그런 K씨는 기독교복음선교회측으로부터 1원 한 푼도 받지 못했다. 그것은 정총재가 ‘절대 돈으로 하면 안 된다.’고 신신당부했기 때문이다. 이 말인즉슨, ‘진실은 진실만으로 증명해야 한다.’는 의미이면서 동시에 어떤 것으로도 합의할 건이 전혀 없다는 사실을 말하고 있는 것이다. 만약 고소취하장을 보여주며 K씨가 요구했던 합의금 20억을 진작 주었다면 정총재는 법정까지 갈 필요도 10년형을 받을 필요도 없었을 것이다. 하지만 진실을 알고 있는 정총재 본인이나 기독교복음선교회는 무죄판결을 확신했지만 그 결과는 너무 달랐다." 
  91. 91.0 91.1 91.2 91.3 Cheon Won-ki (31 May 2012). "Is Jung Myung Seok's case social or religious?" (in Korean). Minjung News. Archived from the original on 19 Oct 2014. http://web.archive.org/web/20141019080233/http://www.mjknews.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=58073. Retrieved 21 February 2017. "Kim was quickly arrested for blackmail, extortion and defamation on April 20, and is currently being investigated by the Gwangju Bukbu Police. There are people who have been calling for a retrial, after it was exposed that an anti-MS organization had demanded money during President Jung’s trial. In February 2010, several media outlets publicized video footages of anti-JMS leaders, which exposed that they had demanded two billion won (1,800,000 USD) from the Mission on November 17, 2005. The media also published the anti- JMS leader’s letter of self-reflection dated November 15, 1999, and his apology letters to the Mission dated March 17, 2005 and July 21, 2005. In these letters, detractors made statements such as, “I deeply regret that I schemed against President Jung Myung Seok, dishonored him through fabricating scandals, and deeply hurt him,”and, “We apologize for misunderstanding, defaming and insulting him” On August 3, 2005, President Jung Myung Seok replied to Kim, “Even if people love one another, when they fight, they become enemies. As Jesus said, those who fight become enemies of each other, giving distress to their hearts. This torment only brings harm to one another. For six years, you were the source of my worries and pains. After you thought about me, you confessed that I was not a bad person. Yet, you continued to demand money. To that, I can only ponder.”" 
  92. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Pastor Park testified that shortly after President Jung Myeong Seok was extradited, Mr Kim’s attitude changed. He lowered his demand for settlement from 2 billion won to 140 million won. Mr Kim was in need of 140 million won, as that was how much he was fined for committing fraud. Mr Kim’s demands for settlement were: first, in addition to the 140 million won, compensation be paid to rectify the harm done to Mr Kim’s father by the believers; second, the CGM representatives and lawyers sign a deed to guarantee that no further legal action would be taken against Mr Kim under any circumstance. In exchange, Mr Kim would withdraw all accusations made. He said that the decision to withdraw accusations, even if made by other plaintiffs, was entirely in his hands. He would publicly apologise to President Jung and the members of CGM at a press conference. Afterwards, he would go on his own way without ever having anything to do with JMS ever again. He expressed all of this to Pastor Park. Despite his various efforts and extortions for money, the CGM did not agree to his demands, and so his efforts to obtain agreement ended in failure. His original plan was to extort large sums of money from the CGM, but that plan came to nothing. This was why he complained to the Police Journal in 1999 over the publication of the story about assault, rather than kidnapping. He protested to also put pressure on the Police Journal. The stories broadcast by Media S and other media companies were initiated by Mr Kim. He proactively mobilized new programs and other mediums to form public sentiment. This had shocked the CGM. He created this public frenzy, with knowledge of the fact that the CGM had no system in place to defend itself. Mr Kim utilized the mechanism of making complaints, and coordinating self‐claimed victims to make accusations. He used the accusations as leverage to bargain with the CGM. Hence, he demanded 2 billion won, while keeping that a secret from the accusers. His plan was that if his demand was accepted, he would cease demands for punishment as agreed and would drop the case in court." 
  93. "JMS is not satan or a cult" (in Korean). Minjung News. 5 March 2012. Archived from the original on 13 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170113233417/http://www.mjnews.co.kr/bbs/zboard.php?id=mj02&page=2&sn1=&divpage=1&sn=off&ss=on&sc=on&select_arrange=headnum&desc=asc&no=244. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "Opposition to this religious group all started from one individual The person who threatened to expose the video was someone who once faithfully followed and served the CGM for many years. He was also a secretary of the CGM executive and he was well‐known among all the CGM members.It has been said that he was once a promising disciple of President Jung Myung Seok within the CGM. He was a graduate of the military academy and had worked as a field‐grade officer. In March 2009, he was discharged from the military, in order to pursue missionary work with the CGM and thus became the executive secretary. He was keener to missionize than to be in the military. Such was the person who established the DCG and became its representative." 
  94. "JMS(Christian Gospel Mission) President Jung Myung Seok" (in Korean). Min Jung News. 7 Feb 2010. Archived from the original on 19 Sep 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/19/jung-myeong-seok-cross/. Retrieved 15 February 2017. "Mr Kim, the leader of Exodus, had written an apology letter on November 15, 1999. The letter was authenticated. In it, he stated, ‘I profusely apologize for secretly conspiring to cause harm to President Jung Myeong Seok, for disgracing him through the publication of scandalous articles and for scarring him deeply.’ In addition, he sent apology letters to President Jung on 2 other occasions; March 17 and July 21, 2005. Having seen parts of his letter, it stated, ‘I apologize for having misunderstood you, for defaming you and bringing indignity upon you,’ and further, ‘For the last 6 years, the Exodus members, including myself, have misunderstood you, defamed you and brought indignity upon you. We apologize again to you.’ The letters to President Jung Myeong Seok were handwritten by Mr Kim himself, stamped with a certified seal (sent with its certification document), and his own photo attached to it. President Jung Myeong Seok replied to Mr Kim on August 3, 2005, in which he wrote: “I write to you because in my heart, I was inspired to do so. I was glad to receive letters from you twice. Even if people are beloved to one another, when they fight, they become enemies. As Jesus said, those who fight become the enemy, and so they are distressed in their hearts. This torment only causes harm to one another. ** portions of the letter omitted ** For 6 years, you were my worry and the source of all kinds of pain. That harm you caused me has worldwide effects… After you thought about me, you said that I was not a bad person. Yet, you continued to demand money. To that I can only ponder.’" 
  95. Kim Chun-ho (31 March 2010). ""Christian Gospel Mission"(JMS) and President Jung Myung Seok – The 10 years of truth that passed regarding the falsehood (The 20billion won request from K)" (in Korean). News Daily. Archived from the original on 6 Feb 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170206013508/http://www.newsdaily.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=29733. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "K씨는 정총재를 음해한 사실에 대한 반성문을 인증까지 하여 선교회에 제출하였고(1999년 11월 15일), 정명석 총재에게 사과편지를 보낸 적이 있다.(2005년 3월 17일, 7월 21일) 하지만 이후 다시 돈을 요구했다. 이에 정총재는 다음과 같이 K씨에게 답장하였다. "사랑하는 애인도 싸우면 원수가 되는데, 예수님 말씀대로, 싸우면 누구든지 원수 되고 마음 괴로운 것이고, 피차 마음 괴롭고 해만 되는 것이다." "네(K씨)가 생각해보니 나(정총재)는 나쁜 자가 아니라고 말까지 해놓고 돈을 요구한다면 내 생각이 또 깊기만 하다" 정총재의 답장에서도 알 수 있다시피 K씨는 끊임없이 돈 요구를 해온 사실이 명백하다" 
  96. 96.0 96.1 Kim, Ah-yeon. "All cases related to Chairman Jung Myung Seok dismissed without charge". All cases related to Chairman Jung Myung Seok dismissed without charge. pp. 242–247. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/02/Jeong-Gyeong-newsarticle.pdf/. "Since last November, organizations against Jung Myung Soek such as ‘Anti-JMS’ demanded money for compensation and attacked Jung with charges like sexual assault, terrorism, and other misdemeanors. Many people appeared on the media and internet which brought on more negative publicity. Lawsuits, charges, and appeals followed. Yet, there was no evidence. Despite the lack of evidence to prove if the accusations were true or not, sensational and suggestive material significantly encouraged speculation among the online viewers. Jung Myung Seok was in a disadvantageous position because he was already being held in prison on charges of sexual assault. However, his religious organization, Christian Gospel Mission, responded promptly to the media and made their claims. About ten investigations, which began last June and ended in October, all concluded with a verdict of not guilty. This weakened the ‘Anti-JMS’ group’s statements about being harmed by Jung, and caused Anti-JMS to disperse as a result of differences among its members." 
  97. Jeong, Jae-won (April 4, 2012). "[JMS: 'Naked' video again in the spotlight]" (in Korean). NewsNJoy. Archived from the original on April 5, 2012. http://m.newsm.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=2814. "논란이 된 동영상에 대해서는 "5년 이상 지난 과거의 영상이며, 성상납의 증거가 될 수 없다"고 반박했다 ([The JMS members-distributed pamphlet] retorted that regarding the controversial videos "were footages from at least 5 years ago, and cannot be evidence for sex bribery)." 
  98. 98.0 98.1 98.2 Song, Ju-youl (Template:Lang) (March 25, 2012). "[JMS ordered terror on its defectors.. the evergreen organization that helps sex bribery. Real circumstances revealed]". JoongAng Ilbo. http://news.joins.com/article/7708924.  (from CBS NoCut News)
  99. 99.0 99.1 99.2 Schwartzman, Nathan (English translator) (April 2, 2012). "Seoul: Former JMS cult members tell their stories". Asian Correspondent. http://asiancorrespondent.com/79421/seoul-former-jms-cult-members-tell-their-stories/. Retrieved September 20, 2015. ; original article: Song, Ju-youl (Template:Lang) (March 28, 2012). "JMS 정명석, 탈퇴자에 대한 테러 지시 [Jung Myung-Seok orders terror on JMS defectors]" (in Korean). No Cut News. Archived from the original on January 1, 2015. https://web.archive.org/web/20150109110855/http://www.nocutnews.co.kr/news/4249126. 
  100. Sin, Dong-myeong (Template:Lang) (April 6, 2012). The Christian Times (기독교타임즈). http://www.kmctimes.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=33690. 
  101. 101.0 101.1 Song, Ju-youl (Template:Lang) (March 28, 2012). "[JMS's Jung Myung Seok ordered terror on defectors]". Newspower. http://www.newspower.co.kr/sub_read.html?uid=19179. 
  102. 102.0 102.1 102.2 Jung, Jae-won (5 April 2012). "JMS, "The video was a strategy to attract public opinion"". JMS, "The video was a strategy to attract public opinion". http://www.newsnjoy.or.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=37415. "After the article was published, I received a request for correction of the article in several emails with the Christian Gospel Mission (JMS). In order to hear the objection from the JMS side, I upload it again to reflect the part of the article that JMS asked for the modification and the addition. - Editor's note There are also Male Evergreens There is a group called ‘evergreens’ which is known to be a female group, serving President Jung. Pastor A (age 35) is a male representative faith star, who was part of the previous group, known as ‘evergreens’. He gave a testimony about the subject of ‘evergreens’. He explained that the name ‘evergreen’ was given for people who chose not to get married, like priests or nuns. They are devoted to the mission of spreading the gospel. That name is no longer used. Instead, there is an educational program called ‘faith stars’ which chooses people based on strict criteria such as the completion of a seminary program and so forth. The ‘faith stars’ program lead people to take the path of becoming leaders in faith. He added that the evergreen group comprised not only of female members, but also there were a great number of male evergreens. There is also a faith star who is a male and in his 60s. It has been claimed that the organisation teaches the doctrine of receiving salvation through having sexual relations with President Jung. In response to this, the JMS organisation sated, ‘if you listen to the sermons delivered by President Jung for the last 30 years, you will come to know that more than any other organisation, we emphasise the morality of being pure.’ Only the seceders claim that they were educated with the doctrine of receiving salvation through having sexual relations with President Jung. The JMS organisation also stated, ‘problems arise when people confuse spiritual love with physical love. President Jung taught people that the path to salvation is to become united with God and Jesus in love. He is a person who exemplifies that kind of a life. Spiritually, both men and women are on the side of being brides before the Lord. However, this is clearly taught as mental love. ’" 
  103. 103.0 103.1 "JMS is not satan or a cult" (in Korean). Minjung News. 5 March 2012. Archived from the original on 13 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170113233417/http://www.mjnews.co.kr/bbs/zboard.php?id=mj02&page=2&sn1=&divpage=1&sn=off&ss=on&sc=on&select_arrange=headnum&desc=asc&no=244. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "Last month, the DCG representative reported to the ‘Sunday Newspaper’, a weekly journal, that he would publicize obscene videos of CGM members. Prior to this article’s publication, Mr Kim had also claimed that a member owed him 2 million won in damages. Mr Kim then posted on the DCG’s online home page a demand for compensation to be paid. About the obscene videos, an administrator of the CGM said, ‘that video was a manipulation of 2 different videos from 2007 and someone had edited them together.’ One video was of an informal festival event. Throughout the event, President Jung Myung Seok was wearing formal attire and there was nothing about his conduct that was worth criticizing. The second video was a low resolution video that had nothing to do with President Jung Myung Seok. The CGM administrator explained, ‘it appears that the video was edited by someone for the purpose of defaming President Jung’. Moreover, if the video was originally made in 2007, it would have had no connections to the current CGM. Also, President Jung was already living in confinement at that time, in a state that was similar to his 10 year imprisonment. For the CGM church, they could not express just how unfair and upsetting it was that President Jung Myung Seok’s position was not taken into account during the trial, and only the alleged victims’ claims received widespread public attention. On top of that, this secretary whom they considered as a brother is now threatening to release obscene material. For them, being stabbed in the same place twice is no small ordeal." 
  104. ":ko:JMS 교주 정명석 수감생활 특혜 의혹 [JMS leader Jung Myung seok's prison life raises suspicion of favoritism]". Nocutnews.co.kr. October 24, 2013. http://www.nocutnews.co.kr/news/1119706. Retrieved September 12, 2015. 
  105. Pak Sang-jin (25 Oct 2013). "Media reports about Jung Myung Seok (President of JMS) living in luxury in prison are a distortion". Uri News (우리들 뉴스). Archived from the original on 4 Feb 2017. http://jmsprovidence.com/2017/02/04/media-reports-distort-jung-myung-seok/. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "Media reports about Jung Myung Seok (President of JMS) living in luxury in prison are a distortion Uri News (Our News) at 22:18 on October 25, 2013 On October 24, 2013, Park Beom-Gye, a member of the Legislative and Judiciary Committee of the National Assembly (the Democratic Party, west-Eul, Daejeon) issued a statement insisting that President Jung Myung Seok of the Christian Gospel Mission (more commonly known as JMS) is living a life of luxury in prison and submitted materials supporting that assertion. The statement was made in the course of carrying out audits at the High Public Prosecutors’ Office. However, in a press release on October 25, Haneulbit released a statement clarifying that Mr Park’s allegations were not factual, rather a distortion that was incorrect and skewed. It is unclear whether the Mr Park’s wrongful accusation against President Jung were made under the protection of parliamentary privilege, or whether his assertions about Jung’s life of luxury was based on nameless sources giving rumors absent of clear evidence. A series of news reports about Jung living a life of luxury in prison would damage his image." 
  106. Pak Sang-Jin. "The Ministry of Justice clarified that speculations made by Park Beom-Gye (a member of the National Assembly) of Jung Myung Seok receiving preferential treatment in prison are untrue." (in Korean). Uri News (우리들 뉴스). Archived from the original on 18 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170118220643/http://www.urinews.org/sub_read.html?uid=17871&section=sc4&section2=. Retrieved 22 February 2017. "On October 25, 2013, Park Beom-Gye (a member of the National Assembly) questioned whether Jung (president and pastor of the Christian Gospel Mission, formerly known as JMS) was living a life of luxury, while receiving preferential treatment in prison. In response, Minister Hyang Gyo-Ahn from the Ministry of Justice issued a statement explaining that this was a misunderstanding and provided further explanatory materials... The question put forth by Mr Park Beom-Gye was irresponsible and groundless. His speculation of Jung receiving preferential treatment spread to certain news outlets, which harmed the reputation and the dignity of the Christian Gospel Mission and its church members. Absent of proof, rumors and unconfirmed reports must absolutely not be spread, and blame must not be laid because of religious differences. Reporter Park Sang-Jin [email protected] in Our news Publisher of Uri News, President of Korean Journalist Coalition" 
  107. Kim Kil-tae. "법무부, JMS 총재 특혜 ‘의혹’…"사실과 다르다" 반박" (in Korean). Hyundae Weekly News. Archived from the original on 18 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170118221507/http://www.hyundaenews.com/sub_read.html?uid=7432&section=sc5&section2=%EC%82%AC%ED%9A%8C%EC%9D%BC%EB%B0%98. 
  108. Shin Yoo-jin (14 November 2013). "법무부, '정명석(JMS교주)특혜 의혹' 해명" (in Korean). Daejeon City News. Archived from the original on 18 Jan 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170118221242/http://www.gocj.net/news/articleView.html?idxno=58050. Retrieved 22 February 2017. 
  109. ""성폭행범이 이끄는 한국의 밀교" - 기독교포털뉴스". Kportalnews.co.kr. April 10, 2014. http://www.kportalnews.co.kr/news/articleView.html?idxno=12929. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  110. Tozer, Joel (April 9, 2014). "Inside Providence: The secretive Korean church led by a convicted rapist". Sbs.com.au. http://www.sbs.com.au/thefeed/blog/2014/04/09/inside-providence-secretive-korean-church-led-convicted-rapist. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  111. Tozer, Joel (April 9, 2014). "Extracts of Correspondence With Providence Representative in South Korea". Scribd.com. http://www.scribd.com/doc/217192865/Extracts-of-Correspondence-With-Providence-Representative-in-South-Korea. Retrieved August 31, 2015. 
  112. "Jeong Myeong Seok Providence Religious Movement (Inside Story)". 25 September 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/2016/09/25/jung-myeong-seok-providence-religious-movement-inside-story/. "Like many new religious movements, Providence religious movement (Officially name: Christian Gospel Mission) is also often persecuted by the media. The Feed by SBS Australia aired a biased and one-sided report with false allegations and now members of the church are coming forward to tell the truth about their experiences with Jeong Myeong Seok (some of whom were featured in the SBS Australia broadcast video without their consent). This video reveals the behind the scenes true stories and provides context to correct the Feed's false depiction of the Providence religious movement, which had distorted the facts and damaged the reputation of CGM and victimized its members." 
  113. "ATO employee whitewashed Providence Jeong Myeong-seok's Wikipedia". Crikey. http://www.crikey.com.au/2016/05/02/wikipedia-page-rapist-cult-whitewashed-inside-ato/. Retrieved May 2, 2016. 
  114. Kim Hyun-gyu (4 April 2012). "Why is Christian Gospel Mission back in the spotlight?" (in Korean). Newsmaker. Archived from the original on 1 September 2016. http://jmsprovidence.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/201204_Newsmaker-_Why_is_the_CGM_back_in_the_spotlight.pdf. Retrieved 23 February 2017. "The Christian Gospel Mission was established in 1982. The organization fundamentally upholds the teachings of the Bible. It upholds the mentality that faith must be accompanied by action, and thus make real the deeds of Jesus Christ. With that mentality, the organization held many faith movements for restoring people’s faith. The organization had also made various contributions to society through running many activities. The CGM also successfully made changes and transformed itself internally, after President Jung was sentenced to 10 years imprisonment. The organization’s strength could have been daunted by the sentence, yet it has grown to an amazing degree. Until now, the Christian Gospel Mission has been actively and diligently engaging in activities of social responsibility, as a religious organization. It had contributed to the maintenance of multi‐national peace through non‐governmental diplomacy, initiated enlightenment campaigns, undertook volunteer work, enhanced the national image, campaigned for the youth and so forth. Unfortunately, these achievements were never well‐known as they were overcast by the widespread gross misunderstandings and inaccurate perceptions. In 2007, a volunteer group within the CGM called, ‘Put Love to Action’, was nominated for the volunteer award for the city of Seoul. Unfortunately, that nomination was cancelled. One cannot fathom how millions of Christian Gospel Mission members in this nation, and in other countries, have been defamed and disadvantaged in society. In our society, a person with the stamp of JMS is living a life that can be likened to the story of the Scarlet Letter; they would endure all forms of condemnation and scorn. The Christian Gospel Mission asked this question: ‘Because of the biased and distorted reports from the media, for over 10 years, the families of innocent members were torn apart, members were fired from work, they were bullied in school and some were kicked out of their own homes. They had to go through such humiliation. Who are the real victims?" 
  115. Kim Sang-yong (4 Feb 2008). "A broadcaster’s trouble with interviewing children through intimidation and infiltration" (in Korean). Breaknews. Archived from the original on 2 February 2017. http://web.archive.org/web/20170202035111/http://www.breaknews.com/sub_read.html?uid=76895. Retrieved 23 February 2017. "선교회에 대해 부정적 시각을 견지해온 모 방송사가 악의적인 보도를 위해 정식 취재 요청도 없이 불법취재를 감행하고 있다는 사실을 확인할 수 있었다고 배 국장은 주장했다. 배 국장 insisted that a broadcaster who had maintained a negative view of the gospel mission was conducting an illegal coverage without requesting official coverage for the malicious reports. 또 "모 방송 취재진은 20여 명의 어린이를 상대로 어른이 없는 곳만 골라가며 무차별적 언어폭력과 위협, 정신적 위해를 가하면서 캠프 기간 내내 집요하게 강제 인터뷰와 취재를 했다"면서 비윤리적으로 진행된 취재 과정을 맹비난했다. In addition, 배 국장 added, "They selected places where there were no adults and went to 20 over children, used indiscriminate harsh language, and inflicted mental harm. They forced the interview and coverage, and attacked us with the illegal coverage." 
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